Used up to and including unless grammatically correct

Sentences with conjunctions, subjunctions and conjunctive adverbs

What are conjunctions, subjunctions, and conjunctive adverbs?

Conjunctions, subjunctions and Conjunctive adverbs connect sentences with each other. In German we have to pay attention to the word order, which differs depending on the connecting element.

Here you learn and practice the formation of conjunction clauses. With the help of our clear list of conjunctions, subjunctions and conjunctive adverbs, you always know immediately how the sentence structure is in the corresponding sub-clause.

example

How do you use conjunctions?

The conjunctions include, for example: but, because, or, and.

In the sub-clause that is introduced with the conjunction, the sentence structure is the same as in a normal main clause(Conjunction + subject + finite verb +…).

Example:
Kerstin is happy because she is on vacation.

How do you use subjunctions?

The subjunctions (subordinate conjunctions) include, for example: before, since, that, if, because, when.

In the sub-clause that is introduced with a subjunction, the finite verb is at the end of the sentence (Subjunction + subject +… + finite verb).

Example:
She is on vacation at the North Sea because she loves the sea.

Subordinate clauses introduced with a subjunction are called conjunction clauses.

How do you use conjunctive adverbs?

Conjunctional adverbs are for example: then, finally, anyway, before.

In the sub-clause that is introduced with the conjunctive adverb, the finite verb comes before the subject (Conjunctive adverb + finite verb + subject +…).

Example:
She wants to see the sunset, so she's on the beach now.

Overview - conjunctions, subjunctions and conjunctive adverbs

In the following overview you will find a list of German conjunctions, subjunctions and conjunctive adverbs with hints on the sentence structure and an example.