Why was John Wayne called The Duke

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On that day in 1907, John Wayne was born. Wayne was an actor who embodied the Wild West.

He was born in Winterset, Iowa. John Wayne was born as Marion Michael Morrison. When he was six years old, his family moved to Glendale, California. As a teenager, he would get up at four o'clock every morning to deliver newspapers. After school, he played football and made deliveries to local stores.

After graduating from high school, he wanted to do the U.S. Attend Naval Academy. But the school turned him down and he accepted a full scholarship to play football at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. In the summer of 1926, his football coach found him a job as a prop assistant on the set of a John Ford film.

Ford began using Wayne more often as an extra and eventually trusted him to even bigger roles. In 1930 Ford recommended Wayne for the western "The Great Treck" realized by Fox. Wayne got the part, but the film did badly and Fox let the contract expire.

During the following decade, Wayne worked tirelessly on countless low-budget westerns, honing his talent, and developing a custom role for cowboy characters. Eventually, his old mentor, John Ford, made Wayne's big break. He cast him in 1939 for his great western "Ringo". Wayne played the role of Ringo Kid and he filled the character with fundamental qualities that permeated all of his upcoming roles: a tenacious and discerning honesty, unconditional courage and a laconic, almost clumsy demeanor.

Wayne's career started after "Ringo". He has appeared in dozens of westerns. Ford directed many, including such unforgettable classics as “With a Gun and Lasso” (1944), “Red River” (1948), “To the Last Man” (1948), “The Devil's Captain” (1949), “Rio Bravo "(1959) and" The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance "(1962). In all of these films, The Duke, as Wayne is called, embodied the simple, and perhaps all-too-simple, cowboy rules of decency, honesty, and righteousness.

In addition to westerns, Wayne also starred in war films. It was a small step from brave cowboy or cavalry soldier to brave fighters in World War II, as in the films "You were our comrade" (1949) and "Steely wings" (1951). Politically, he was very conservative. He used his 1968 film "The Green Devils" to express his support for the US government's Vietnam War.

By the late 1960s, some Americans had had enough of Wayne and its simplistic masculine and patriotic characters. Increasingly, westerns were rejected with their simple black and white moral code, which was championed by Wayne. They have been replaced by a more complex and tragic view of the Wild West. But Wayne turned out to be more versatile than many would have expected.

In his role in "True Grit" (1969), for which he won an Oscar, he began to escape the tight confines of his good-guy image. His last film, "The Last Sniper" (1976), won over even its toughest critics. Wayne, who had lung cancer, played a dying gunslinger whose moral code and principles no longer suited the changing world.

Wayne died of cancer three years later. To this day, he is considered one of the most famous actors of all time in polls.