What makes your dog smell like urine

Bladder weakness in the dog

When the dog bed is wet

Unnoticed loss of urine and frequent urges to urinate indicate a weak bladder in the dog. It is a heavy burden for humans and animals. a. neutered or old bitches. Occasionally, serious illnesses are hidden behind incontinence. Medication or surgery will help reduce symptoms.

Incontinence in the dog

It happens while standing, running or lying down. Often at night. The dog is losing urine in an uncontrolled manner. Often the animal does not notice it. The amount of urine is different. It ranges from a few drops to downright puddles. Incontinence is not only stressful for the dog owner, but especially for the animal itself. Dogs are naturally clean animals. You avoid polluting yourself. If you lose urine and smell it, you will suffer a lot from it psychologically.

Causes of a weak bladder in dogs

Since urination is particularly common at night, the problem often goes unnoticed at first. It shows up through a damp dog basket and fur that smells of urine. This type of incontinence occurs primarily neutered or old bitches on. Reason is a weak sphincter in the area of ​​the bladder exit. The weakness is caused by a decrease in female sex hormones, Estrogens called. The anatomy of the female urinary organs increases the risk of developing urinary incontinence in old age. The urethra in bitches is straighter and shorter than in males. This makes it easier for the urine to get out.

Bladder weakness in neutered bitches

About 30% of all large neutered bitches develop urinary incontinence. During a castration, the vet removes the uterus and ovaries. This reduces the concentration of female sex hormones, the main production of which takes place in the ovaries. The result is a flaccid bladder sphincter.

Old animals can be due to a dementia accidentally leak urine. They do not notice the urge to urinate and forget their routine for walking. Is the bladder weak one accident or one Back injury preceded, one comes neurological cause in question. Some anatomical peculiarities are also expressed in the form of incontinence. In order to find out the cause of the problem, an examination by the veterinarian is essential.

Other causes of bladder weakness in dogs are:

  • Trauma
  • stress
  • Cystitis
  • internal diseases such as kidney dysfunction and tumors of the bladder

Risk factors for bladder weakness in the dog

There are many factors that can cause a weak dog's bladder. The most influential is a castration that has taken place. Other risk factors are:

  • advanced age
  • female gender
  • Obesity
  • size
  • race

Small dogs are less affected than big dogs. About 10% of neutered little bitches develop bladder weakness. In the case of large animals, the number is 3 times as high.

Regardless of the size, the breed of dog plays a role. So are Giant Schnauzers, Boxers, Rottweilers and Dobermans are very often affected. Urinary incontinence is less common in Bernese Mountain Dogs and Shepherds. Among the small breeds of dogs, the dachshund and spaniel are rarely affected.

Temporal occurrence of urinary incontinence after castration

If a bladder weakness in the dog is caused by the castration, it usually does not appear immediately. The first signs often only show up 3 to 5 years after the operation. Occasionally, if the incontinence starts later, castration is the cause.

Bladder weakness in young dogs

Incontinence in puppies is a specialty. It is noticeable because the animal is not house-trained. The owner is quickly overwhelmed here and doubts his dog training. The cause, however, is usually of a different kind. All dogs need to be house trained. Usually this happens between 3 and 4 months of age. See the vet if this doesn't happen. There may be a physical cause behind it. So is one Malfunction of the ureters possible. These usually move urine from the kidneys into the bladder. This collects the urine until it is excreted via the urethra. If the ureters open directly into the urethra, there is a permanent dripping urine the consequence.

The following breeds are particularly often affected by this:

  • Labrador
  • Golden retriever
  • boxer
  • Briard
  • Husky

Understanding and patience with the incontinent dog

React understandingly if your animal loses urine in an uncontrolled manner. Keep in mind that the dog itself suffers as a result. There is no intention behind the leakage of urine. See the vet. They will investigate the cause and advise you on treatment.

Diagnosing bladder weakness in the dog

Diagnosing incontinence includes taking the medical history and physical examination. The analysis a urine and blood sample follows. A Ultrasound or an X-ray complement the investigation.

Treatment of the weak bladder in the dog

Therapy for incontinence depends on the cause; in the case of tumors, a misalignment of the ureter or urinary stones, it is usually surgery necessary. In the case of neurological problems, surgery is also often the solution to the problem. The castration-related bladder weakness, however, speaks well Medication at. Here come funds from the drug class of Sympathomimetics for use. These increase muscle tension (med. tone) of the bladder sphincter. Occasionally comeEstrogen preparations for use. Alternative therapies like Acupuncture, neural therapy and homeopathy also help. Preparations with the active ingredients are suitable here Staphisagria, Causticum and Bearberry.

If there is a cystitis, eliminate it Antibiotics quickly the bladder weakness.

Our product tips for homeopathic preparations: DHU Staphisagria D 12 globules  | DHU Causticum Hahnemanni D 12 globules

General measures for a dog's bladder weakness

Take your animal for a walk often and at set times. Clean dirty fur and objects promptly and thoroughly. To do this, wash textiles at 95 ° C. This will minimize the psychological stress on your animal. Specific Dog diapers and absorbent pads avoid contamination of the environment.

Our product tip: Oat milk shampoo Vet for cleaning fur | Molinea Plus medical pad as an absorbent pad

Preventing bladder weakness in dogs

A healthy lifestyle pays off in the long term. Providing your animal with vital food and drinking enough water and maintaining a normal weight will reduce the risk. Establish regular walking tours in your daily routine. Think about whether your dog really needs to be neutered. If you choose to have the ovaries removed, the operation should take place before the first heat.


Our pages are for your information only and are not a substitute for diagnosis and treatment by the doctor.

For information on risks and side effects, read the package insert and ask your doctor or pharmacist.

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As of: May 25, 2020

For reasons of better legibility, the male form is used in the text for personal designations. It goes without saying, however, that the information relates to members of both sexes.