Conceptually, time exists

archeology: Stupid dug

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In 1948 Kiselev dug in the same places as Dmitrij Demjanovič Bukinič 15 years earlier and also took over his plan drawings. Bukinič did not work with straight cuts, as is customary today, from which the stratigraphy (sequence of layers) can be read precisely. He hid the finds from round holes - today Hüttel disparagingly calls the method »bucket probing«. Even with this method, however, Bukinič (Becker proves this in her dissertation) came to the conclusion “that there was a cult building here, which is made up of the large number of tsatsas found, the feet of gods and the stucco decorations that are characteristic of a temple building are, developed «. Tsatsas are small figures or tablets that, in Buddhist tradition, are ritually laid under temples or in holy places. Kiselev and Hüttel found tens of thousands of them in the "palace district". Nevertheless, for years Hüttel believed that he was excavating a palace, not a temple.

Hüttel obtained the documents from Bukinič in Ulaanbaatar, but failed to evaluate them. He was given an imprecise map. Only when asked does he admit: “Yes, yes, there is a little bit of text. But there is nothing more in it. Archeologically nothing productive. "

Hüttel, who did not check Kiselev and did not read Bukinič, firmly believed in 2000 that he was looking at the palace of Ogodai Khan and, astonishingly, wanted to have recognized even before the groundbreaking ceremony “that at least two, possibly even three, successive and conceptually different Palace complexes have existed «. Even when the findings of the first two years did not match the palace hypothesis, Hüttel still did not notice that he was on the wrong track - and in 2002 submitted an application to the German Research Foundation (total amount: 410,000 euros): “The project is primarily dedicated to early urban development and therefore concentrates initially (until 2005) on the oldest part of Karakorum according to historical tradition, on the palace district in the southwest of the city. "

The chroniclers of a monastery knew it long ago, but nobody believed them

By 2004, Hüttel and his team had completely exposed the floor of a square hall with a side length of 37 meters. Above it rose the hall at an unknown height, supported by 64 wooden columns resting on granite blocks. Evidence for the Khan Palace? Nothing! No throne, not the legendary silver tree that gives mare's milk, created by a prisoner of war Parisian goldsmith, no palace kitchen! At least Hüttel now realized that he had excavated a Buddhist temple from the 13th century.

Hüttel now blames the entire scientific guild for his failure: "In their beyond doubt, research has overlooked that Kiselev's equation is nothing more and nothing less than a well-founded hypothesis." - had the most reason to question his theses.

He now suspects the Ogodai Palace a few hundred meters southeast. The DAI website says: “The palace () has been found. It is most likely located in the monastery area of ​​Ėrdėni Zuu. «The Buddhist monastery was founded in 1585 and was a temple city with dozens of shrines and thousands of monks in the 20th century. Destroyed by Stalinist troops in 1937, it is now used again by friars. In 2005/06, Hüttel uncovered an up to eight meter wide fortification from the 13th century under the monastery walls. The Ogodai Palace is in here somewhere. A plausible hypothesis. According to the freely accessible chronicle of rdėni Zuu, the monastery was built on the site that served as Ogodai's residence. But neither the Russian nor the German excavators of Karakorum had taken this passage literally.