Why is Bali as popular as Indonesia
Bali - island full of sights
Bali at a glance
Where is Bali located?
The popular holiday island is one of the Indonesian archipelago and lies in the Java lake. The much larger island of Java with the capital Jakarta opens up to the west. Lombok opens up east of Bali.
Arrival and departure
From Germany, Bali is almost on the other side of the world. The north of Australia is just three hours away by plane. The Capital of Bali Denpasar has a large airport, this is where most of the tourists arrive. Exist between Germany and the holiday island no direct flight connections. The trip therefore includes at least one stopover in the Arabian or Asian region and usually lasts 18 hours. If you start your journey in Java, you can also take the ferry to Bali.
When is the best time to visit Bali?
Since Bali is close to the equator, the rainy and dry seasons dictate tourism. It's dry on the holiday island in the Months between April and October, then the thermometer will reach over 30 degrees. This period is also the main season. Especially in the months of August and September there is a lot going on in Bali. In contrast, some hotels and restaurants are closed during the rainy season between November and March. The Australian school holidays around the Christmas holidays are an exception. Even then, the tourist centers like Kuta can get very crowded.
Bali, the name alone arouses wanderlust and creates exotic images in the mind - of rice terraces, dreamy beaches and richly decorated temples. And the popular holiday island is actually peppered with interesting sights. It also offers a unique insight into Indonesian cultural diversity in a small space.
Lots of nature in a small space
On an area of over 5700 square kilometers, Bali combines a multi-faceted nature. Densely forested volcanic cones rise in the interior of the island, picturesque bays characterize the east and south coast in particular Bali Barat National Park in the northwest of the island is home to primary forests and mangroves. The paradisiacal sanctuary is a refuge for animals such as the endangered Banteng cattle and Balistar birds.
Also the Underwater world is species-rich. Divers and snorkelers will find what they are looking for just a few strokes away from the beach Turtles, exotic fish as Reef sharks observe. For example, the following are particularly suitable for underwater explorations on vacation:
- the offshore coral reef at the Menjangan Island, which is around an hour's boat ride off the northeast coast of Bali. On the island itself, the Muntjak deer live between white sandy beaches and palm trees.
- the artificial one Coral garden of Pemuteran rebuilds what was destroyed by wrong fishing methods. The idea works and can be easily explored by snorkeling.
- the artificial and natural spots like that US Liberty shipwreck or the Coral Garden in front of the village of Tulamben at the Eastcoast.
Fascinating giants: Bali's volcanoes
Great spiritual importance is ascribed to the volcanoes in Bali, as they determine life on the island. For some time now, above all, he has been preparing Gunung Agung the residents worries. The active stratovolcano repeatedly spews lava and ash clouds. It rumbles and one remembers the last devastating eruption in 1963 with horror. At an altitude of over 3000 meters, it also marks the highest point in Bali. It can be climbed by hikers on calm days.
The little brother is in sight - the one that is also active Mount Batur. The steep flanks of lava rubble are lost in the lush green of the surrounding cultivation fields and the background shimmers Danau Batur crater lake in the sunlight. Trekking tours on Mount Batur are offered in almost all tourist centers. You start in the middle of the night to avoid the hot temperatures, but also so that the successful hikers can enjoy the sunrise with a view of the Gunung Agung and the Danau Batur. The hike should not be underestimated: it leads up the steep scree flanks on unpaved roads.
Worth seeing rice terraces in Bali
On the other hand, the various rice terraces, which can be spread out and explored on the island, are much more gentle. They are considered one of the landmarks of Bali and were the main source of income for the inhabitants until tourism developed in the 1970s. Protected by palm forests and exotic flora, they are mainly in the Interior of the island to find.
Depending on the season, the view of the rice fields changes. If you want to experience the tall shoots in full splendor, you should arrive at the end of the rainy season, i.e. in March or April. Some facilities have now been developed for tourism, including the famous ones Tegallalang rice terraces not far from Ubud.
The largest facility is located in the heart of Bali and covers 300 hectares. The Jatiluwih rice fields have been part of the UNESCO World Heritage since 2012. The large cultivation area in the shadow of the Batukaru volcano can be discovered on various hiking trails. The rice terraces are a little less frequented and yet very impressive Belimbing and Munduk. The latter are located in the fertile highlands of Bali at an altitude of around 1000 meters.
The island of a thousand temples
Whether small or large, whether visited or abandoned - almost every bend in Bali is a temple. over 20,000 Hindu temples is believed to be home to the island in Indonesia. The high number is mainly due to the fact that every well-off Hindu family has its own house temple.
Although Bali is part of the predominantly Muslim Indonesia, over 90 percent of the island's four million inhabitants belong to Hinduism - albeit in a modified form. So here, for example, rocks or plants are seen as the seat of spirits or gods. The most prominent example is that Rice goddess Dewi Sri, for which there are small shrines on the edge of the fields and for which a small part is set off as an offering immediately after cooking. Lots of Balinese ceremonies and festivals only serve to placate certain gods and keep away evil spirits.
Faith is lived very actively in Bali and invites you to be captivated by the lively and colorful atmosphere. This works particularly well at the main temples. Here one is prepared for tourists, even if it is welcome when they stay in the background. To the largest and most beautiful temples in Bali counting:
- Pura Besakih: The largest temple complex the island is embedded in the foothills of the Gunung Agung volcano. Besakih consists of 23 individual temples, which in turn are divided into several buildings. Ceremonies take place in the facility almost every day.
- Pura Tanah Lot: The small temple adorns almost every second postcard and is a must for most travelers: The Sea temple Tanah Lot. It is one of a series of sea temples that line up along the south coast of Bali. Entry is only permitted to devout Hindus.
- Pura Ulun Danu Bratan: Idyllically located on the shores of Lake Bratan, this temple complex is one of the most visited on Bali. Ulun Danu Bratan is best known for his Meru, elaborately decorated shrines that were built on two offshore islands.
- Pura Tirta Empul: The facility is on the Source of the Pakrisan River not far from Ubud. The element of water plays a central role here. Hindu devotees regularly visit the temple, which is one of the nine state temples in Bali, to familiarize themselves with the Purify spring water and to get rid of diseases and other problems.
- Pura Luhur Uluwatu: The small temple is enthroned high up on a rock face that is lost almost vertically in the sea from the 11th century. Due to its location, it is a popular photo opportunity for travelers, but only believers are allowed to enter it.
Ubud: Soldiers of Fortune and Monkey Forest
The once sleepy small town in the highlands of Bali, round 30 kilometers north of the capital Denpasar located, has been a tourist hotspot for some time. This is also his fault Novel "Eat, Pray, Love" as well as its filming. Because here Ubud plays a key role. Since both formats have enjoyed worldwide success, more and more people have been looking for the spiritual center of Bali, just like the main character of the story, on vacation after himself.
Yoga, meditation and cleansing ceremonies are accordingly frequently offered, although Ubud is mainly for traditional crafts and dance is known. The products of the artisans can still be seen today on the bustling Ubud Market marvel and buy. Various dance performances take place in the city every evening, but most of them have become very touristy.
Hip cafes and restaurants line the main and cross streets, which mainly appeal to western audiences. And yet Ubud has not lost its original charm. It may be because of the picturesque location between rice terraces and rainforest or the relaxed atmosphere that most travelers fall in love with Ubud.
In front of the city gates, in addition to lush rice fields, the enchanted world of the monkey forest opens up. in the Scared Monkey Forest Lianas entwine around stone temples, one of the thousands upon thousands of water arms of the region gently babbles through the jungle thicket, but above all hundreds live here Macaques. The gray-haired monkeys are the attraction and know how to take advantage of it. They live here like gods and the delighted tourists like to use them as a climbing pole. The macaques are to be treated with caution, however, because they can also be very different from what their innocent look would suggest.
Beach time: Nusa Dua, Sanur or Seminyak?
Even if Bali is an island, not every stretch of coast is suitable for swimming. With the exception of Lovina, the coast in the north is particularly rocky. Those who visit the island in Indonesia especially for long beach days are still spoiled for choice. Most of the sandy beaches extend in South Bali, west and east of Denpasar as well as on the Bukit peninsula.
Most travelers end up in Kuta, Seminyak, Nusa Dua or Sanur due to the good infrastructure and hotel density. Seminyak is east of the capital on long sandy beaches that are lost in the Indian Ocean. The current and waves aren't too strong here, so both swimmers and novice surfers will be happy. If it is too turbulent here, you will find me Canggu a little further west a relaxed alternative.
Sanur is to be found east of Denpasar and is best known for its beach promenade, which stretches for five kilometers along the golden bay. When the visibility is good, the outlines of the island of Nusa Penida can be seen on the horizon. Nusa Dua is a pure tourist place on the Bukit Peninsula. The headland is mostly at popular with experienced surferswho compete in the waves. In addition to hard-to-reach bays that impress with their solitude, there are also popular swimmers' beaches such as Padang Padang Beach or Jimbaran Beach. Nusa Dua is a bit away from the surfing areas in the northeast of the peninsula.
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