Where does the term hangover come from?

Where does the expression come from have a hangover?

[F] Where does the expression actually come from? have a hangover as a term for the unpleasant after-effects of excessive alcohol consumption?

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[A] Although we can assume that the bad aftermath of alcohol intoxication has been known for thousands of years, its name can be as Male cat first documented around the middle of the 19th century. Two explanatory approaches dominate: According to Heinz Küpper (Illustrated lexicon of German colloquial language, Stuttgart 1983), this expression has possibly been caused by a distortion of the word catarrh formed, which in the vernacular generally has the meaning of 'cold, malaise'. As a further conjecture, he states Male cat could prove to be a shortening of the term already used at the time Bad luck for the uncomfortable feeling after an intoxication have prevailed.

According to the Great lexicon of proverbial sayings The word came from Lutz Röhrich, Freiburg 1991 Male cat In the context in question, it first appeared in the Leipzig student language and was mainly used in expressions such as take his cat for a walk and run a hangover used to mean ›suffering from the effects of intoxication‹. Röhrich also suspects a connection with the word catarrh, that in its vulgar Saxon pronunciation Male cat should read.

When forming the expression have a hangover could also the eloquent comparison used since the end of the 18th century drunk like a hangover played a role. It may be a "mechanical replica" of the term in love like a hangover, which favored the use of this animal name in the meaning of the aftermath of alcohol intoxication (see Röhrich, Large lexicon of proverbial sayings). Another assumption by Friedrich Kluge, Etymological dictionary, Berlin 2002, on the other hand, seems rather unlikely: He speculates, the turn have a hangover go back to a beer from the 16th century that got the name Male cat wore, "because the person who has drunk too much is scratched in the head in the morning". However, the spread of beer and the expression is too far apart in time for a connection to be assumed.

Longer than Male cat is the Bad luck used as a term for the aftereffects of intoxication. As early as 1768, Christian August Wichmann was using in his Anti-criticism the expression in a trend-setting meaning: "There is a disease of the body which unhappy people sometimes have in common with cats and which is therefore called a pity [...]" (Friedrich Kluge, German student language, Strasbourg 1895). In your German dictionary, Leipzig 1854, the Brothers Grimm point out that this "newer [...] word" initially referred to the whining of a cat in the running time, was then transferred to the unpleasant feeling of a listener of miserable music and finally "from the bad state of affairs." rested in the noise, further also milder of the aggression after a rushing pleasure in general, or after every mad hustle and bustle ”testified. In the literature, the term was introduced by writers such as Görres, Eichendorff and Brentano (see Röhrich, Ggreat lexicon of proverbial sayings), and so it can already be found in Brentanos, for example The foundation of Prague (1814) or in Goethe in West-Eastern Divan (1819). Heinz Küpper (Illustrated lexicon of German colloquial language) indicates the period of origin for the middle of the 18th century and again refers to the student language, which the word from the term Puke (›Whining accompanying vomiting‹) is said to have been disfigured and used as a euphemism. However, there is no evidence to support this assumption. From physical shame has the moral shame, also as More moral known, derived and describes the state of bitter remorse and moral self-reproach, which sometimes occurs even after an evening of extensive alcohol consumption.

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