How are old people's homes necessary

Living in retirement and nursing homes

The living and working conditions in old people's and retirement homes have a major impact on the health of the people who live there, work and come to visit: residents, relatives, employees or volunteers. Everyday areas of life such as living, eating or personal and social activities play an important role, but also the working conditions of the employees.

Living and working conditions can be improved through health promotion. The aim is to maintain or even further develop a person's existing personal strengths and abilities with targeted support. Effective, successful health promotion projects follow proven principles and processes. First of all, it is examined what promotes and burdens the health of people in the retirement home.

Research from the “Health Has No Age” project showed, for example:

  • Promoting health for the residents is that they like the staff, that they feel comfortable in the house or in their room and that the food tastes good.
  • Stressful for the residents is that they can move around poorly, that pain is hindering them, and that staff changes too often.
  • The relatives are supported through the possibility of using the senior facilities, the pleasant atmosphere in the house and the proximity of the house to the family.
  • The relatives are burdened through additional costs for services, lack of social contacts among residents and staff shortages in the facility.
  • Promoting health for the employees is that they perceive their work as meaningful and that sufficient tools and aids are available.
  • It is stressful for the employees, In particular, time pressure, stress and heavy loads are the main burdens, as well as language problems and insufficient opportunities to recover from work and relax.

Health-promoting strategies, fields of action and measures are derived from the results of the surveys, interviews and analyzes. The measures are then implemented in-house and their effect is monitored. If measures have proven their worth, they can be taken over into normal operation.

An example of a measure for residents is the mobility promotion program “Moving Life” of the “Health has no age” project. The aim is to maintain and improve the mobility of older people and thus also their independence. After the program, the participants feel subjectively more secure in everyday life, have made new contacts, get up more easily and can stand freely for a longer period of time.

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