Should Germany take in more refugees
1Briefing of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees in front of the UN Security Council on April 9, 2019, minute 17:40, own translation.
2UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 2.
3 295,113 refugees and 893,589 asylum seekers live in Europe. If one includes internally displaced persons, stateless persons and people in similar situations, there are 7,176,326 people in Europe who come under the mandate of the UNHCR. UNHCR Global Trends 2019, page 76. and UNHCR “Dramatic Increase Worldwide: Record Number of Displaced People”, press release of June 18, 2020
4 UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, pp 72-75. The information on the EU is self-calculated. In detail there are 2,724,726 refugees.
5 UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 3.
6 UNHCR, MMC (2020): "On this journey, no one cares if you live or die". Abuse, protection, and justice along routes between East and West Africa and Africa’s Mediterranean coast, p.14. For information on the dangers on the escape routes, see also: UNHCR (2019) Desperate Journeys. Refugees and migrants arriving in Europe and at Europe's borders. January to December 2018 pp. 5, pp. 18-19, UNHCR (2019): Desperate Journeys. Refugee and Migrant Children arriving in Europe and how to Strengthen their Protection, January to September 2019, pp.9-12.
7 UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 2.
8UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 2.
9UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 2.
11 UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 3, page 73.
12UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 3.
13UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 75.
14 The Human Development Index is a prosperity indicator collected by the United Nations, which measures not only per capita income but also life expectancy and level of education. Accordingly, the term Least Developed Countries (LDCs) describes countries that are characterized by poverty, food insecurity, high child mortality and low life expectancy, low literacy rates and economic instability. Further information on the websites of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and the United Nations Development Program. The figures for Germany and Sudan come from the current Human Development Report: United Nations Development Program (2020): Human Development Report 2020; Pp. 343-345.
15 UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 2.
16Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF): The Office in Figures 2016, page 11
17Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF): Current figures on asylum (12/2020), page 3.
18UNHCR (2020): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2019, page 3.
19Conflict portraits from the Federal Agency for Civic Education.
20Conflict portraits from the Federal Agency for Civic Education. Situation of the Rohingya in Bangladesh.
21Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), Current Figures on Asylum (12/2020), page 9.
22Conflict portraits from the Federal Agency for Civic Education. On the situation in Iran and Turkey: Federal Agency for Political Education and Tagesspiegel.
23 Rebeggiani, Fatma (2013): “Germany & Europe. Visa issuing practice for entry ”, Migazin, 05.12.2013 and Stalinski, Sandra (2015): Legal escape routes to Europe ?, Tagesschau. De, 08/13/2015.
24UNHCR, MMC (2020): "On this journey, no one cares if you live or die". Abuse, protection, and justice along routes between East and West Africa and Africa’s Mediterranean coast.
25International Organization for Migration (IOM): Missing Migrants Project and UNHCR Operational Portal: Mediterranean Situation.
26 The recognition rate, protection rate or total protection rate in Germany denotes the proportion of positive asylum decisions (i.e. granting asylum, refugee status according to the Geneva Refugee Convention, subsidiary protection or ban on deportation) of the total number of asylum decisions made by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). See: Advisory Council of German Foundations for Migration and Integration.
27Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF): Current figures on asylum (12/2020), page 11.
29Universal Declaration of Human Rights. UN General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of December 10, 1948, Art. 14.
30The Geneva Refugee Convention.
31Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, Art. 16a.
32 Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU, Art. 18. See also Qualification Directive 2011/95 / EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of December 13, 2011 on standards for the recognition of third-country nationals or stateless persons as persons entitled to international protection, for a uniform status for refugees or for persons with the right to subsidiary protection and for the content of the protection to be granted.
33 To explain the various forms of legal protection, we recommend the corresponding infographic with glossary from the Federal Statistical Office: Destatis (2018: Schutzzuchende Glossar)
34UNHCR (2019): Fifth Regional Survey on Syrian Refugee’s Perceptions and Intentions on Return to Syria, p.1.
35 Al Husein, Nawras; Wagner, Natascha (2020): “Determinants of intended return migration among refugees: A comparison of Syrian refugees in Germany and Turkey”, International Institute of Social Studies Working Paper, University of Rotterdam, p.11.
37 UNHCR Germany: Voluntary Return and UNHCR (2019): Global Trends in Forced Displacement 2018, pp. 28-29.
38Federal Government (2019): Higher standard rates from 2020, October 11, 2019.
39Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (2020): New benefit rates according to the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act, April 24, 2020.
40Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (2020)
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