What is the Official Map of India

India: Travel Tips, Map & History

Geography and main cities of India

India is a republic in South Asia and, with its 1.3 billion inhabitants, is the second most populous country on earth after China. The population of India is very diverse due to the different beliefs. Hinduism is the country's leading religion. India borders Pakistan, Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Bangladesh. Overall sits downIndia from28 states combined.

Map of india

In the south, the country is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean. The entire coast stretches for 7,000 km. The Himalaya Mountains form the natural border in the north and northeast of India. At 8,586 m, the highest point in India is located on Mount Kangchenjunga. From the Himalayas, the country extends over 3,000 km in a southerly direction.

The central region of India consists of a fertile plain and is shaped by the rivers Ganges, Yamuna and Brahmaputra. The most important city in this region is the capital New Delhi and Agra. The city of Calcutta, which is considered to be the most important city in the eastern region, is located in the mouth of the Ganges. West India, on the other hand, consists of desert areas, plateaus and mountains.

The main cities are Bombay and Jaipur. On the west Indian coast there are numerous beautiful beaches that are well worth seeing. In addition, the Indian film industry is located in Bombay, which is known worldwide as Bollywood and is now very popular. South of the Ganges plain begins the Dekkan plateau, which covers most of the Indian peninsula and extends to the south. The most important cities in the south include the third largest city in India Bangalore and the city of Chennai, which is considered the fifth largest city in India, as well as the city of Goa on the west coast.

New Delhi is the capital of India. It was built in 1929 south of the old town of Delhi and with an area of ​​only 42.7 km² it is a small part of the metropolis of Delhi. After the ceremonial handover in 1931, New Delhi is the seat of the Indian government. The cityscape of New Delhi stands out clearly from other metropolises with its large parks, many avenues and magnificent buildings in the colonial style. The Rashtrapati Bhavan presidential residence and the India Gate are among the outstanding structures. In addition, there are numerous interesting museums on the history, art and culture of the country in the city.

Agra is a city in central India in the west of the state of Uttar Pradesh. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Agra was the capital of the Mongul Empire. That is from that time Red Fort, one of the sights in Agra that you should visit once. Even better known is the Taj Mahal mausoleum, which the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan had built. Both structures are part of the UNESCO world cultural heritage.

The Taj Mahal in Agra

The state Rajasthan is the largest in India. It is characterized by fertile plains, desert areas and mountains. Rajasthan is known for its many historical cultural monuments and palaces. The region is well developed for tourism and has a high density of hotels. The capital of the state of Rajasthan is Jaipur.

Jaipur is located about 300 km southwest of New Delhi and is one of the most important cities in India. The city is the economic and cultural center of this region, as well as an important transport hub in the country. An outstanding sight of the city is the Palace of the Winds, which one or the other has probably heard of. There are also numerous museums, theaters and other cultural monuments to visit.

Palace of the Winds ind Jaipur

The city of Chennai is located on the east coast of South India on the Bay of Bengal. It is the fifth largest city in India and the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu. In Chennai, visitors can admire some interesting buildings from the colonial era. There are museums, theaters and countless cinemas that provide variety. Chennai is known and loved for its 12 km long sandy beach Marina Beach.

Bangalore is the third largest city in India with around 8.4 million inhabitants and the capital of the state of Karnataka. The city is on the Dekkan plateau in the center of South India. Bangalore is the center of the aerospace and IT industries in India. Because of the many parks, Bangalore is also called the garden city. Are worth seeing Bangalore Palace and parliament Vidhana Soudha.

Calcutta is the most important city in East India and the capital of the state West Bengal. It is the economic and cultural center of this region and has universities, theaters, museums and galleries. The Indian museum and countless buildings from the colonial era are well worth seeing. These are the main attractions Victoria Memorial and the St. Paul's Cathedral.

The largest city in India is Bombay, which has officially been named since 1996 Mumbai wearing. It is located on the west coast and is the capital of the state Maharashtra. Bombay is a cosmopolitan city and significant as one of the leading centers of the film industry, which also as Bollywood has become known. As a city of culture, the city has a large number of theaters, museums and of course cinemas. One of the landmarks of the city is that Gate of India.

Gate of India in Mumbai

Flora and fauna

King Cobra

Due to the different climatic and geographical conditions, there is a great diversity of flora and fauna in India. The vegetation is characterized by tropical rainforests in the south, dry and deciduous forests in the northern regions and barren desert and steppe landscapes in the plateaus. However, large parts of these landscapes were destroyed and replaced by cultural landscapes. Today India is only covered with forest up to 20%.

In India live about 350 species of mammals. The best known are the Indian elephant and the king tiger. There are also other big cat species, a variety of cloven hoofs such as deer, wild boar or water buffalo. Many species of monkeys can also be found in the forests. In addition to mammals, there are around 1,200 bird species in India. The peacock is the most common. There are also pigeons, woodpeckers, parakeets, crows, storks and herons.

Half of the 200 species of reptile found are snakes. These include the spectacled snake, the king cobra and the tiger python. Crocodiles can be found in the humid wetlands.

The climate of India

The geographical conditions and the different air currents make for different climatic conditions within India. With the exception of the higher mountain regions, the northern and central regions are influenced by the subtropical continental climate. This means that the winters are cold and the summers are warm to very hot. Temperature differences between 10 ° C and 50 ° C occur in the hottest areas. The hottest temperatures in the whole country are between March and May, so you should consider whether you really want to travel there during this time. The Indian monsoons influences primarily the precipitation conditions and in the north and in the central region of India usually causes abundant rainfall between June and October, which in some regions turns out to be torrential torrential rain.

The southern regions and coastal areas are shaped by the influence of the tropical climate. Here, on the other hand, it is warm to hot all year round. Rain sets in here in May and June and creates a humid, hot climate. Here in the south, however, the distribution of rain is quite different. While most precipitation falls in the Deccan plateau and on the west coast between June and September, the heaviest rainfall occurs on the south-east coast between November and December.

The best time to travel to India

The optimal travel time is between October and March. The temperatures are not that high, the air is drier and less precipitation is to be expected. The southeast is an exception, where there is heavy rainfall in November and December, which is not always fun.

Sightseeing in India

The Taj Mahal mausoleum in Agra is one of the most beautiful and important buildings in Indo-Islamic architecture. This mausoleum was completed in 1648 in honor of the deceased wife of the Great Mogul Shah Jahan in 17 years of construction. Taj Mahal is one of the most important tourist attractions in India and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Another attraction in Agra is the Red Fort red fort of agra was built in the 16th century and served as the residence of the Mughals. Red sandstone was used as the building material for most of the buildings and for the walls. The interior of the forts is home to magnificent palaces, mosques and beautiful parks.

The desert city Jaisalmer is located in the state of Rajasthan in northwest India. Jaisalmer was founded in 1156 and is also known as golden city known. Yellow sandstone was used to build the city. The historic town center and the fortress are well worth seeing.

Varanasi is one of the oldest cities in the world and was mentioned 3000 years ago, which is certainly exciting for those interested in history. It is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India and is one of the most important cities of Hinduism. Varanasi is one Pilgrimage city. Thousands of believers flock to the Ganges every day to do the spiritual cleansing. The Vishwanath Temple and the Durga Temple are worth seeing.

The Golden Temple of Amritsar is the most important sanctuary of the Sikhs. This temple was built in the 16th century and decorated with gold leaf about 200 years later. It lies on an island in a pond surrounded by a palace complex. The entire area is very well maintained and is even cleaned with milk several times a day.

The Hawa Mahal in Jaipur is one of the most outstanding sights of India. Because of the air circulation, it is also called the Palace of the Winds and was mystically mentioned in a film of the same name. The palace was built in 1799 and is part of the City Palace in Jaipur. The magnificent palace complex is open to the public and is definitely worth a visit.

Goa is the smallest state in India and is located in the middle of the west coast. The region was a Portuguese colony for 450 years and is still particularly shaped today. The proportion of Catholics in Goa's population is very high. Ever since tourism in Goa began with the first hippie trail travelers around 1960, the state has been one of India's most popular holiday destinations today.

Healing Arts and Philosophical Teachings of India

Ayurveda

Is known India not only through its wonderful surroundings, but also through special healing arts. Ayurveda is the traditional Indian healing art. The name Ayurveda therefore also comes from Sanskrit, the "mother of all languages" and means Knowledge of life. Basically, the Ayurvedic approach is more preventive and designed for a sustainably healthy lifestyle. If a disease occurs, Ayurveda focuses on the causes instead of the symptoms, which are often understood here as a combination of spiritual, psychological and physical imbalances.

By adopting Ayurvedic concepts in everyday life habits, the risk of illness is kept low and the need to manipulate the body with medication is minimized. An important Ayurvedic basic principle is to adapt the individual diet to the individual type of person you are, your personal dosha. Treatments focus on body cleansing programs, detoxification, massages and the use of medicinal plants, herbs and oils. Ayurvedic doctors in India must pass a 5-year state examination before they can practice.

yoga

yoga sees itself, however, as a philosophical teaching whose traditions go back over 2,700 years. This Indian teaching encompasses a multitude of mental and physical exercises that merge with one another. Asanas are the body positions with which yoga is mainly associated, especially in the western world. In the traditional sense of yoga, however, the asanas are only a fraction of the elements of yoga. Originally, the practice of asanas only served to prepare the body for several hours of meditation in the motionless posture of the lotus position.

Yoga is practiced in as many different forms as there are styles of yoga. Hatha Yoga, Raja Yoga, Kundalini Yoga, Karma Yoga, Yin Yoga, Yang Yoga and Ashtanga Yoga are just a few of them. Other practices of yoga are breathing exercises that Pranayama are called meditation, purification rituals, the Shatkarma and many more.

In general, all forms of yoga pursue the same goal: to bring body, mind and soul into harmony, to create harmony and balance. The root of this teaching can be found in Hinduism. In the past, yoga served as a purely spiritual form of self-realization. Today yoga often has an increasingly therapeutic approach to relaxation and to combat physical and mental illnesses.

Useful information for travelers

Entry into India

A passport that is still valid for at least 6 months is required to enter India. A visa must be applied for at the Indian consulates prior to travel. You can apply for this from the comfort of your own home, online via the Indian e-Visa website. A tourist visa is usually issued for 6 months.

Air travelers from abroad usually reached India via the international airports in Delhi, Bombay, Bangelore or Calcutta.

Travel in the country

Within the country, in addition to domestic air traffic, rail traffic is a priority means of transport for long distances. India's rail network is the second largest in the world.

Travel comfort on the train is divided into four classes, which are far apart in terms of price. Alternatively, you can also travel by bus. There are also different price categories here. However, the road conditions in India are very bad, so a long bus trip should be avoided. Because it can be very uncomfortable for hours. An individual trip with a rental vehicle is also generally not recommended.

Haggling in the bazaars of India

The countless bazaars, which offer an abundance of art objects, textiles, pieces of jewelry, furniture and souvenirs, are popular with tourists. It is common practice in these markets to negotiate the price. However, sellers quickly recognize the inexperienced tourist and like to set the price a little higher. Professionals, on the other hand, can get real bargains in such markets and bring home the most beautiful things. It is worth knowing that many bus tours or city tours naturally also include a visit to shops, where you can assume that bus drivers and tour guides will share in the profits. This means that some of the bazaars are approached without prior notice. That's not bad, because where else could you go shopping on holiday in such an interesting way?

Indian cuisine & its hygiene

Indian cuisine is very diverse. Larger cities offer restaurants in a wide variety of price categories. For European standards, however, a visit to a higher-class restaurant is comparatively very inexpensive. In addition, these restaurants offer a very high standard of hygiene and equipment, so that guests can enjoy the food and drinks without hesitation. If you wish, you can have the dishes prepared less spicy, which are otherwise very strongly seasoned.

If you are traveling in more remote areas of India, you should avoid raw, uncooked food such as salads. The tap water here is often not particularly clean and can often contain germs that tie you to the toilet bowl for 2-3 days. This gastrointestinal virus is common too Delhi Belly because travelers who are simply not used to the bacteria are often affected. As soon as it catches you, it is usually over after 2-3 days. In any case, it's worth it Travel Pharmacy for India with charcoal tablets and a couple of packets of an electrolyte solution (those from the WHO are recommended).

Discos and bars are rare in India, which is due to the culture and religion. In some states, for example, alcohol is completely banned. In particularly spiritual places, such as Rishikesh in Uttarakhand, you won't find any meat on the menu in addition to alcohol. Both are forbidden in the whole place, but that doesn't detract from the culinary experience. Accordingly, discos and bars are more likely to be found in Goa and in high-class hotels in larger cities such as Delhi, Bangalore or Calcutta. It is definitely worth a visit here, however, as there is a really good party and a lot of fun.

Before traveling to India

who India visited, should be informed in advance about certain behaviour rules and Security features to inform. India is usually a safe country to travel to.The Indians receive their guests in a friendly and respectful manner. If you travel alone through India as a woman, you should plan your route a little better in advance and try to book long bus or train trips at night in the respective 1st class. Furthermore, in less touristy areas you should definitely have a headscarf with you and wear long, airy clothing that does not reveal much skin. Not that anything would happen to me otherwise, but it would definitely be provocative and you will simply feel more comfortable yourself if you adapt something.

Holidays in India

Holidays in India are based on religious and historical traditions. A national holiday is the Republic Day on January 26th or the Independence Day on August 15th. One of the most important Hindu festivals is the Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi on October 2nd, the Festival of Lights Diwali on November 7th or the spring festival of colors, that Holi festival in March.