Is smoking dangerous immediately after a meal

Warning, dangerous: breakfast! If you eat in the morning, you damage your body four times, writes the British author Terence Kealey in his new book "Breakfast is a Dangerous Meal". Breakfast is a dangerous meal. Problem number one: Breakfast increases the number of calories, ergo: If you eat in the morning, you get fat earlier.

Problem number two: breakfast causes hunger pangs throughout the day. In turn, problem number three, triggered a so-called metabolic syndrome in the long term - a mix of high blood pressure, increased blood lipids and obesity. This is mainly due to the fact that, problem number four, breakfast is usually sweet and fatty. So breakfast is the most important meal of the day - but only if you skip it.

Sugar bombs drive blood sugar up

Now it is the case that nutrition tips should always be enjoyed with caution, because everyone is (s) t different. Breakfast critic Terence Kealey, for example, is British and diabetic. You don't have to be a metabolism expert to suspect that things are different with people with diabetes than with healthy people. Type 2 diabetics do indeed have to pay close attention to their diet; the elderly are generally affected, often overweight, often prone to high blood pressure and heart disease.

The problem of diabetics: sugary foods and drinks cause blood sugar to skyrocket because the body has problems processing the sugar. This is dangerous in the long run, diabetics who suffer from high blood sugar levels for a long time risk numb toes or a stroke. It is different with healthy people: although sugar bombs also drive up their blood sugar, the body releases sufficient insulin and processes this energy.

And now for breakfast: humans need food to live. When he ingests this food, the body doesn't care at first, the main thing is that it gets it. A short-term lack of food is not a problem for humans, just think of our ancestors who had no Aldi around the corner, but had to kill animals in the forest. They survived, even if the stag did not show up for a day. The body has efficient energy stores that can nourish it for days: body fat, also known as love handles.

Hunger, hunger, hunger - although breakfast wasn't long ago

And here's the crux of the matter: the body stores excess food for bad times - without knowing if it ever needs it. So Terence Kealey is right with his diagnosis: Anyone who eats large quantities of Nutella, cornflakes and jam in the morning consumes (too) many calories. So it is quite possible that with such a lavish breakfast (very modern: brunch) you have already reached your personal daily requirements. The body no longer needs lunch and dinner - and stores it in the fat depot.

A second effect is noticeable with a very sugary breakfast: Some people quickly feel hungry again after a large breakfast. This phenomenon is explained by a rapidly rising blood sugar level. The body then releases large amounts of insulin, which helps the body absorb sugar in the tissues. As a result, the glucose level in the blood drops again, in that case possibly too low for a short time. The body then signals: hunger, hunger, hunger - although breakfast wasn't long ago.

Even if this effect has not been proven beyond doubt, nutrition experts such as Andreas Pfeiffer from the Charité Berlin advise avoiding such sugar spikes and better eating high-fiber carbohydrates such as whole grain products. Otherwise, the actually superfluous hunger signal leads to a walk to the bakery. And a snack like this makes you fat in the long run.

So, is breakfast really a dangerous meal, as Kealey writes? Research is contradicting itself. Diets high in sugar are dangerous, not breakfast itself, says Pfeiffer. On the contrary: Various studies provide evidence that breakfast in diabetics and healthy people even has positive effects on sugar metabolism and blood pressure. In another study, published in the specialist magazine Pediatric Obesity, researchers at Yale University were able to show that children who even had breakfast twice in the morning for two years put on fewer pounds than classmates who skipped breakfast.

In an as yet unpublished study, Pfeiffer and his colleagues also investigated why the metabolism of a healthy adult works about twice as fast in the morning as it does in the evening. Their data show that, thanks to certain gene regulations, the body can process food much better in the morning - a good argument in favor of breakfast. However, the study does not necessarily prove whether this means that one can live more healthily with morning meal than without. Because ultimately, says Pfeiffer, the time plays a lesser role than the amount of calories. It is therefore important: Better fruit than Nutella, better oat flakes than baked rolls. However, this also applies to the rest of the day.

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