What are the types of diet

6 different diet types and their history

September 9, 2019

Nutrition is one of the most discussed topics in human history. What you put into your body is extremely relevant to your health and general state of mind.

There are of course all kinds of prejudices about all the different types of nutrition. But not only for the sake of your own body or your own health you choose an alternative type of diet.

There are also more and more air-conditioning or animal-ethical concerns about everyday, meat-heavy diets. So which types are differentiated and what effects do they have on your own body? In the following we will show you some diets and explain what they mean.


Omnivore (or omnivore):

We will only touch on this category briefly, as it is probably the easiest to explain. Omnivores eat, as the name suggests, everything. Except for personal preferences and tastes, they in no way limit themselves and consume animal and vegetable products in a form of mixed consumption.


Vegetarianism is probably the classic among all the different diet types. The oldest alternative to the classic omnivores or omnivores has its origins in antiquity.

Initially, a meat-free form of nutrition emerged independently of one another in the Greek culture and in the Indian region. In the most recent studies, however, no consistent form of vegetarianism was found.

However, one of the results of the investigation was that there was already a low-meat diet in ancient Egypt - although there would have been enough cattle and fish available, the majority of the diets consisted of vegetables and grains.

Vegetarianism means that you only consume plant-based products and products from live animals. Eggs, cheese and co. so are perfectly okay. Studies have shown that vegetarians have a lower mortality rate than the normal population.


Pescetarianism is, as the name suggests, a modification of vegetarianism. Pescetarians do not eat meat, but fish (from “piscis” = Latin for “fish”). Pescetarians are primarily concerned with a healthy diet, which he tries to round off with fish products.

The English "Vegetarian Society", the first association of vegetarians for vegetarians, founded in 1847, clearly stipulates that eating fish products is not compatible with a vegetarian diet and with basic vegetarian ethics.

Pescetarians basically eat fish, some also eat other seafood such as crustaceans and molluscs, but opinions are also divided here. The advantages of a Pescetarian diet are that the additional consumption of fish provides valuable proteins, omega-3 fatty acids and amino acids, which are easier to process than their vegetable counterparts.

However, there are disadvantages in the existing overfishing of many species and in the fact that edible fish are often contaminated with environmental toxins, which in turn have an impact on human health.


Flexitarianism describes a nutritional culture that includes meat, but does not focus on meat consumption. Flexitarians try to do without meat, but do not take it so strictly if they should ever feel like eating meat. But they pay close attention to animal welfare and the quality of the meat. Here, the motivation usually has a health component.

The proportion of flexitarians is higher in older households than in younger ones. An animal-ethical component also plays a role here. Flexitarians usually advocate animal welfare and want to be a counter-movement to cheap meat consumption. According to studies, flexitarians generally live more healthily.

Overall, this group of people eats less meat, which leads to a more conscious, healthier lifestyle being achieved. Various orthodox doctors claim that a flexitarian way of life would be exactly "the right thing", since there is no threat of a shortage of certain substances. There is also a lower risk of heart disease and diabetes.


At the moment, veganism is probably the most widely known alternative diet, alongside vegetarianism. This type of diet is both controversial and beloved. Hardly any other topic turns friends into strangers and strangers into best friends so quickly.

Living vegan doesn't just mean eating absolutely no animal-made products, it's a way of life and a task. Vegans are confronted with prejudices and all kinds of opinions almost every day.

It is now well known that a vegan diet with the necessary prudence and basic knowledge of nutritional issues is possible without any deficiencies. However, many doctors still advise against a vegan diet in certain phases of life such as pregnancy, breastfeeding and growing.

We at Verival offer a wide range of vegan products. Vegan granola for breakfast. For everyone who would like to browse a bit, this way!


Frutanism, also known as fruganism, is a kind of “radical” fringe group of veganism. This diet consists only of fruits. It is important that the plant is not damaged during harvest.

Many representatives of this diet only eat fruits or nuts that have already fallen from the tree. The various rules of this very special type are, however, quite controversial. For example, some Frugans consume honey, others completely exclude it. So there are no precise rules of the game.

However, nutritionists are of the opinion that those who only eat fruit are willing to accept deficiency symptoms. There is usually a lack of proteins, vitamins, calcium, zinc, iron and iodine, among other things. Therefore, doctors and nutritionists agree that this type of diet should be consumed with caution.

Finally, it should be said that no matter which alternative diet you choose or would like to try, it is advisable to talk to a doctor about it beforehand. Regular blood tests provide information about whether the body has everything it needs or whether it is missing something.

As producers of organic food, we think the discussion about different types of nutrition is very important, also and especially with regard to climate change. Even small changes in consumer behavior can have a big impact if enough people get together.