What is the capital of Beijing

Capital Beijing

Beijing in short

Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. The city is also called Beijing and Beijing is located in northeast China in Hebei Province. About 110 km southeast is the Gulf of Bohai, a marginal sea of ​​the Yellow Sea. The name Beijing also means something like "Northern capital"which describes the location well.

The city is directly subordinate to the Chinese central government. Around 21.5 million people live in the administrative area, which is a good 6 times as many as in the German capital Berlin. The area of ​​Beijing, about the size of Schleswig-Holstein, does not, however, represent a coherent urban area and its structure is more comparable to a province.

About 7.7 million inhabitants live in the core city with a high density of buildings and a closed local shape. Beijing is now the political center of China and also an important economic and cultural center of the country.

In the city there are numerous theaters, museums and historical buildings to visit and China as a country generally offers a fascinating history and special culture that travelers fondly remember again and again.

The story of Beijing

Over 1,000 years BC The history of the metropolis of Beijing goes back to BC. Beijing was a major trading center for centuries and was considered an important strategic point. Therefore the city was always contested and conquered. Above all, the conquest by Genghis Khan and the subsequent rule by the Mongol Empire in the 13th century were of decisive importance for the development of the city. The Mongolian khans created a new capital from the old ruins of the wars of conquest. Therefore, there is a colorful mix of new and traditionally old and historically valuable in this city. Beijing therefore offers an adventure for explorers and people interested in history.

The so-called Yuan Dynasty was superseded by the Ming Dynasty in 1368 - a term that most people have heard before. The center of power of this dynasty was in Nanjing (southern capital). At the beginning of the 15th century, Beijing became an imperial city and was given its current name, which means "Northern Capital".

During this time, the Forbidden City built, which is now an important sight in the city. The Temple of Heaven in the south of the imperial city, which is also a popular tourist attraction today, also dates from the 15th century. The rule of the Qing dynasty allowed more palaces and temples to follow. The most famous building is the Summer Palace north of the city center of Beijing. The new Summer Palace in the immediate vicinity was the last magnificent building in Beijing, which was built under the rule of the imperial dynasties.

After the last emperor had abdicated in 1912, the Republic of China founded. Sun Yat-sen was the name of the new ruler in China, who reestablished his power center in Nanjing. After the communists came to power in 1949 Beijing finally set up as the capital again. In order to free oneself from ancient history, many historical buildings have since had to give way to make room for modern buildings.

In the following years the Tian’anmen Square, known as Tiananmen Square, was remodeled and added to the mausoleum of Mao Zedong. This square, which was inaccessible until 1911, experienced a massacre in 1989, with which the government put down the protests of the Chinese democracy movement.

In 2008 Beijing hosted the Summer Olympics.

Olympia sculptures in Beijing

Destination Beijing

The country's culture is reflected in the capital Beijing. Countless special buildings, squares, gardens, customs and habits are a constant reminder of historical events in the history of the country and the city.

As a traveler you can hardly stay long enough to admire and understand everything here. Beijing and China in general is generally more than worth a trip if you want to rediscover many things for yourself. A mix of adventure, culture and modern life awaits travelers spending their time in Beijing.

Attractions in Beijing

An outstanding building is the "Forbidden City", which houses many small palaces and temples as well as the palace museum. The Forbidden City became theUNESCO World Heritage Site explained. Many films deal with this "Forbidden City" and the myths that surround it. This makes it one of the most interesting areas to visit anytime and which is basically on most travelers' visit lists. For locals, too, this city is a central point for family outings in their leisure time.

The Forbidden City in Beijing

Also worth seeing are Tian’anmen Square or the Temple of Heaven in the southern part of the city, as well as the old and new Summer Palaces north of the center. The old summer palace is surrounded by an imposing, unique garden that is incredibly fascinating.

About 70 km north of the capital, Badaling is the most visited section of the Great Wall of China, which has been restored with government funds.

Good to know as a tourist in Beijing

Visa for entry

Beijing is of course the starting point of a stay in China for many travelers, as many national and international flights land and depart here. For example, there is a daily flight connection between Munich and Beijing. So if you travel to Beijing and begin your stay in China, you first need a visa. This must be applied for in advance at the relevant embassy, ​​is valid for a maximum of 30 days and costs around € 25. The processing times are quite fast here (as long as you have everything together and the passport is still valid for at least 6 months) and usually take 4 working days.

Subway and public transportation in Beijing

The subway is a well-functioning transportation system in the city. After all, around 10 million people manage to get around 530km from A to B every day. In terms of price, it all starts at around 30 cents. At rush hour, the trams can be well packed, but that's just part of China and its big cities.

Face mask, just in case

There are days when the smog, the exhaust fumes from countless vehicles and industry build up like a cloud over the city. Photos look like they were shot in front of a smoke machine and values ​​that exceed the recommended WHO limit by up to 20 times can be achieved.

Respect culture

Furthermore, it is particularly important for China to respect the culture. If the Chinese notice that you are genuinely interested and have one or the other historical occurrence and significance of the sights on the box, this will be given high credit. That is why it is worth at least the simple greeting phrases, such as "hello" (nihao), "Goodbye" (zai jian) or "thank you" (xie xie) to learn.

Have a gift ready

In China it is very common to bring a small present with you if you are invited to someone else. A little something from your own country is a good idea. Cigarettes are always happily accepted as option B. The guest gift should be packed in red (never in black or white).

Eating up is announced

In China, it is polite to leave as little as possible on your plate. The same goes for the drink.
If you are not used to the food and do not know whether you like it, it is better to only take small portions and try them first.

Find the best Peking duck in Beijing

Speaking of food - anyone who has ever been to Beijing must of course also enjoy the traditional dish of Peking duck, which was invented here hundreds of years ago. There is a particularly good one in the Dodong Roast Duck restaurant. It is located in Jinbao Place, a shopping mall in the Jianguomen Residental District. There are certainly other top restaurants that could compete for the title of Beijing's best Peking duck.

China up close with a language course and host family

As an alternative to a classic tourist visit, it is a good idea to pay a longer visit with “depth” to Beijing. The “Chinese Language School Beijing”, for example, offers exciting “immersion” language courses. You have the opportunity to live with a Chinese family (who do not speak English or German) for 4 weeks and can immerse yourself in the Chinese language. The warm culture can be experienced first hand and authentically and friendships can be made for life.

The Great Wall of China

A good travel guide is worth it

If you prefer a classic visit as a tourist and not a language student, you should buy a historical guide. This can be very helpful if you also want to get basic information about the many exciting backgrounds or mythological events. Visiting the sights becomes a very special experience, unforgettable nature.