# Why do morbidly obese people experience pain

## Obesity (obesity, pathological overweight, obesity)

Obesity is defined as being overweight. The body mass index (BMI) provides information about the extent to which adults are overweight. It is calculated as follows: The weight in kilograms is divided by the height in meters squared (BMI = kg / m2)

Body weight (kg)
BMI = ----------------------------------
Height squared (m2)

An example:

One person is 172 cm tall and weighs 80 kg.

80
BMI = ---------------------------------- = 27 kg / m= Overweight

1.72 x 1.72

#### Is the BMI ...

... below the value 18.5, it means underweight

... between 18.5 and 25 = normal weight

... between 25 and 30 = overweight (pre-obesity)

... over 30 = severe, morbid obesity (adiposity) up to

... over 40 = very severe morbid obesity (very severe obesity / obesity permagna)

At least 25% of adults in Austria have a BMI of around 30, so they are pathologically overweight. To illustrate: A 1.67 meter tall woman with a BMI of 30 weighs 84 kilos. A man who is 1.80 meters tall, almost 100.

In addition to determining the BMI, overweight is determined by assessing the fat distribution around the stomach (see "apple type" or "pear type") or by measuring body fat: the bio-impedance analysis (BIA) determines this Composition of the body (fat, muscle mass, water): This method is particularly suitable for controlling weight reduction, whether really excess fat or, unfavorably, muscle mass is being reduced.