What is the political problem in Nigeria

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With around 205 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. In addition to three large ethnic groups - Hausa / Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo - there are between 250 and 400 smaller population groups.

Nigeria is a federal republic with a presidential system of government. In the presidential elections in February 2019, the incumbent President Buhari prevailed with his All Progressives Congress party and won a second term. The next nationwide elections are planned for 2023.

Since the end of military rule in 1999, democracy has consolidated in Nigeria and the country has stabilized macroeconomically. Oil production is the main industry. Progress can be seen above all in the expansion of the infrastructure. Fighting corruption has been declared one of the priorities of his government by President Buhari.

The Islamist terrorist group "Boko Haram" has been responsible for serious attacks with numerous fatalities since mid-2010. Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea and conflicts between land and resources in central Nigeria also endanger the security situation.

As a political and economic heavyweight, Nigeria also plays a central role in the ECOWAS community and the African Union.


This text represents basic information. It is updated regularly. No guarantee can be given for the correctness and completeness of the information.