Is mango good for stomach ulcers
Gastritis: what else can I eat?
At first it only twitched after greasy food. But then the office worker plagued Petra after every meal with severe stomach pain and heartburn. Your doctor made the diagnosis Gastritis - inflammation of the lining of the stomach - and prescribed her medication and diets. “The only thing I could take was gruel,” remembers Petra. She had tea at lunch with colleagues. She gave up alcohol completely for six months. “After three months of gruel, I was close to depression,” recalls Petra. Even after the gastritis has subsided, she remains cautious, because she is not sure what the trigger for the disease could have been and whether it will return.
How does gastritis develop?
Usually a thick protective film covers the inner stomach wall. It protects them from the aggressive stomach acid and ensures that the stomach does not digest itself. However, this protective layer can be irritated or damaged by various factors. Then the stomach acid can penetrate to the stomach wall and cause painful inflammation.
Gastritis has several forms:
A acute gastric mucosal inflammation makes itself felt with symptoms such as severe stomach and back pain, tenderness in the stomach, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, feeling of fullness, flatulence and belching accompanied by an unpleasant taste in the mouth.
Different triggers come into question, for example painkillers and there especially the so-called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They inhibit the production of the tissue hormone prostaglandin, which among other things promotes the formation of gastric mucus. The result: the stomach loses its natural protective layer. Excessive consumption of alcohol and nicotine has a similar effect.
Gastritis can also be caused by food poisoning, for example after eating spoiled soft ice cream. But stressful situations for the body, for example injuries, burns or operations and food allergies, can literally hit the stomach.
In contrast to acute gastritis, which is noticeable with severe pain, those affected by chronic gastritis do not notice anything for a long time. A distinction is made between different forms:
Type A gastritis:This is caused by a so-called autoimmune process. The defense system, which is actually supposed to fight pathogens such as bacteria or viruses, is directed against parts of the own body - in this case against the mucous membrane of the stomach. Why this happens is still unclear. Overall, type A gastritis is one of the rare forms of gastric mucosal inflammation.
Type B gastritis: It occurs much more frequently, its proportion is around 80 to 90 percent below the gastric mucosal inflammation. Type B gastritis mainly affects the back of the stomach in front of the gastric porter (antrum). It usually results from an infection with the Helicobacter pylori bacterium. This pathogen can be detected in many people, but not all of them have symptoms.
Type C gastritis: In type C gastritis, the chemically toxic form, the regular intake of pain medication such as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) or contact with bile acids irritates the gastric mucosa. Their share is around seven to 15 percent, according to other estimates it is even 30 percent.
If you have any complaints, please see a doctor!
If the chronic inflammation of the gastric mucous membrane is not treated, it can lead to changes in the mucous membrane: This is not uncommon gastritis Triggers for a stomach or duodenal ulcer. If the disease drags on for years, in the worst case, malignant tumors can develop.
In order to find out whether gastritis could trigger the symptoms, the doctor will first ask you about your eating habits and about medications you take regularly. The physical examination afterwards, especially palpation of the upper abdomen, gives the first indications of an inflammation of the gastric mucosa. An ultrasound examination of the upper abdomen is useful as an imaging method.
Ultimately, however, when diagnosing gastritis, you cannot avoid an examination that many people find extremely uncomfortable: a gastroscopy. Using a stethoscope, which is carefully inserted through the esophagus, the doctor can examine the stomach and duodenum directly and, if necessary, take tissue samples straight away.
Blood tests also play a role in gastritis. This can be used to detect inflammations and pathogens in the body that indicate, for example, an autoimmune disease.
Once the gastritis is diagnosed, steps can be taken quickly and major damage to the gastric mucosa can be avoided.
This helps with gastritis
Most importantly with one acute gastritis: Avoid anything that irritates the stomach! Coffee, nicotine, alcohol, spicy and fatty foods are taboo. Special teas and drops can help calm the stomach.
If these measures alone are not sufficient, gastric acid-neutralizing drugs, known as antacids, can be used until the symptoms have subsided. You can buy these at the pharmacy without a prescription.
The so-called H2-receptor blockers are mainly available on prescription. They inhibit gastric acid production by up to 60 percent and help the stressed gastric mucosa to recover. Proton pump inhibitors, which can reduce stomach acid by up to 90 percent, have an even stronger effect.
In the most common form of chronic gastritis, type B, combating the gastric bacterium Helicobacter pylori comes first. A combination of antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors is used here.
What to eat with gastritis
In acute Inflammation of the stomach lining Eating becomes torture as it stimulates acid production and irritates the mucous membrane even more. In the acute stage, experts therefore often recommend a period of fasting. It doesn't have to be long; A significant improvement can often be seen after a day or two. If you are really hungry, rusks or oatmeal are suitable as a light food. Important: drink a lot! Still mineral water and herbal teas supply the body with minerals.
To start eating again, smaller servings of porridge, consumed throughout the day, are a good choice. Oatmeal contains special mucilaginous substances that optimize the protection of the stomach.
To support the mucous membrane of the stomach, mashed potatoes, rusks, low-acid fruits such as melons and apricots, and vegetable juices are also suitable. Eat only small portions throughout the day so as not to overload your stomach: Depending on the daily routine, initially four to six, from the third or fourth day three to five meals.
These foods are taboo for gastritis
If the stomach lining is irritated, you should eliminate coffee, alcohol, cabbage, legumes, hot spices and very fatty foods such as meat, fatty cheeses and butter from your menu. Carbon dioxide in drinks can also have an aggressive effect on the stomach.
If you have an upset stomach, it is important that you listen carefully to your body: which foods are good for you, which trigger complaints? Keeping a food diary can help identify suitable and less suitable foods.
Read more on the topic:
Diet for gastritis
Alcohol - the underrated drug
The most important questions about food intolerance
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