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Psychology studies | Here you can find all information about the structure and content!


Would you like to find out more about studying psychology? Then you are exactly right with us! Here you will find all the important information about the course content, requirements, duration and the course of the psychology course.

Psychology is the science of human experience and behavior. It observes, registers and categorizes human experience and behavior, analyzes the conditions of its occurrence, shows its consequences and makes predictions about its probability of occurrence in future situations. She develops strategies for the planned change of human experience and behavior and for checking the effects of such strategies. Psychology is an empirical science, insofar as their findings are derived from verifiable data. Controlled observations, experiments, surveys and test procedures are characteristic methods of knowledge and evaluation in psychology.

During your studies you will deal with a wide variety of questions! For example, how good teamwork actually works, or what describes a histrionic personality disorder!

Development of the psychology degree

The psychology degree is divided into two phases: the bachelor's degree and the consecutive master's degree. The bachelor's degree lasts 6 semesters, so 3 years! The master’s course includes 4 semesters, so 2 years. To be a fully qualified psychologist, you must have studied at least 10 semesters of psychology. The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) is used in both Bachelor and Master’s programs. All performance that is achieved during the course is assessed using a point system. With the help of this Europe-wide standardized point system, achievements can be recognized without problems and studying psychology abroad is easier.

The bachelor's degree in psychology

The Bachelor is the basic course in which the fundamentals of all areas of psychology are dealt with, for example in social psychology and developmental psychology. In addition, knowledge of good scientific work is learned, for example statistics and test construction.

180 ECTS credit points must be acquired during the bachelor's degree. Basically, the bachelor's degree enables access to the labor market. In psychology, however, a master’s degree is required in most areas. In clinical psychology, for example, you can only work with a bachelor's or master's degree

The master's degree in psychology

The consecutive master's degree is usually shorter (two semesters, 120 ECTS) and is used for Deepening of knowledge from the bachelor's degree. Many universities offer the possibility of a specialization here, for example in the direction of business psychology or school psychology. In addition to the consecutive Master’s program in Psychology, there are also interdisciplinary Master’s courses that offer a Interface between psychology and other subjects represents. We have collected alternatives to the psychology master's here: Interdisciplinary master’s courses.

After graduation

In principle, every graduate with a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in psychology, ideally equipped for the job market and can enter many different professional fields directly.
For some fields of work, however, training or further education must be completed after graduation. For example, if you want to work as a psychological psychotherapist and want to settle accounts through the health insurance companies, you must first train as a psychological psychotherapist. This lasts another 5 years on a full-time basis. You can find more information about the new psychology degree and further training in psychotherapy here.

Requirements for studying psychology

The general admission requirement for the Bachelor's degree in Psychology is a university entrance qualification. Therefore, one of the following qualifications is required:

  • General higher education entrance qualification (Abitur) for studying at a university or FH or
  • Subject-specific higher education entrance qualification (Fachabitur) for studies at universities of applied sciences and some universities
  • Alternatively: professional qualification (depending on the federal state and university - our professional policy specialists will be happy to help you with any questions)

In addition to the formal entry requirements, there are also a few things to consider before starting the psychology degree. The psychology course is a natural science course. A solid understanding of mathematics and biology are therefore essential for a good start to your studies.

In addition, the psychology degree is a very popular subject and the number of annual applications for study places is high. That is why almost all psychology courses in Germany have restricted admission. This means that in addition to the formal requirements, other criteria are also used to select the application. And mostly that is the grade in the Abitur! The so-called NC (Numerus Clausus) exists because there are more applicants at a university than there are free places available. Then the universities have to choose who will and who will not be accepted according to certain criteria. In most cases, the selection criterion is the Abitur grade, but sometimes individual grades are weighted more than others (including mathematics). There are also better chances of admission if you can present a waiting semester, i.e. semesters in which you do not study at a German university after graduating from high school.

Subjects in psychology studies

Psychology is divided into basic and applied subjects. The basic subjects in the psychology degree tend to focus on important fundamental principles of human behavior. Applied subjects deal with applying these fundamentals in practice and developing deductions for professional recommendations for action. In addition, there are a number of subjects that deal exclusively with the scientific method. Knowledge of the various methods is important for scientific work during your studies and later in your day-to-day work.

Basic subjects

  • General psychology with the areas of perception, thinking, memory, learning, language, emotion and motivation

  • Personality and Differential Psychology

  • Developmental psychology of all stages of life - from newborns to old age

  • Social psychology

  • Biological psychology

Method subjects

Tip: Click on a subject to get detailed information!

Application subjects and professional fields

Psychology is divided into more or less broad application subjects in which the findings from the basic subjects are put into practical use. Not all professional fields are taught as an application subject in the course, some only in special master’s courses (e.g. media psychology).

Application subjects

further sub-areas of psychology

  • Media psychology

  • Market and opinion research

  • Traffic psychology

  • Health psychology

  • Sports psychology

  • Emergency psychology

  • Environmental psychology

  • Geriatric psychology

  • Palliative psychology