What is ADHD and Its Symptoms
Attention deficit disorder
The following three main symptoms are characteristic of ADHD:
Hyperactivity (excessive urge to move)
Inattention (impaired ability to concentrate)
Impulsiveness (rash action)
However, the individual symptoms can vary in severity and do not always have to occur at the same time. As diverse as the manifestations of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the names for it are just as colorful. In allusion to the typical urge to move in many ADHD children, it is popularly known as the "Fidgety Philip Syndrome". The generic term ADHD also describes the manifestation of the disease in which no hyperactive behavior is observed, but only attention disorders. Sometimes you come across the English abbreviation ADHD for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Germany.
However, not every restless or inattentive child suffers from ADHD immediately. Only a doctor or psychotherapist who is experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of children and adolescents with behavioral problems can determine after a differentiated examination whether there is really a pathological disorder. The following applies in particular: The abnormalities must occur over a longer period of time (at least six months) and in different areas of the child's life (family, school and leisure) so that one can really speak of ADHD.
If ADHD is left untreated, it can have serious consequences for the child and their entire family environment, such as: B. School failure, family problems or an increased risk of addiction. In most cases, the affected children and adolescents can achieve largely normal social and school development through intensive care and targeted treatment of the symptoms. Today, the treatment of ADHD is based on several pillars: After information and advice from all those affected, psychotherapy is individually combined, e.g. B. Behavioral therapy of the child, parent and teacher training and, in individual cases, drug therapy.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Info Portal
The "ADHD Infoportal" offers the public target group-specific, fact-based information on the subject of "Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)". The internet portal was developed by the central "adhs-netz" with financial support from the Federal Ministry of Health. The website www.adhs.info is aimed at children, young people, adults, educators and parents. In addition, it offers information specifically tailored to the respective target group for affected children, adolescents and adults and provides information on a variety of aids. The information posted there is strictly based on the results of scientific studies (evidence-based) and the guidelines of the medical-scientific societies.
Implementation of guideline-based care for children and adolescents with ADHD
In the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD, deficiencies in guideline-compliant and multi-professional care were found. The Federal Ministry of Health has therefore taken this as an opportunity to further intensify research in this area. A research project awarded in 2013 as part of the BMG research focus "Research to improve the care of people with mental disorders" examines the implementation of guideline-oriented care for children and adolescents with ADHD. Medical societies have recently developed a high-quality guideline "ADHD in children, adolescents and adults" (publication May 2017, PDF file).
Decision of the Federal Joint Committee on an amendment to the Drugs Directive
The Federal Joint Committee (G-BA), as the highest decision-making body of the joint self-government, decided in September 2010 to change its Drugs Directive. In future, the diagnosis of ADHD will have to be made even more comprehensively than before, and drugs containing methylphenidate may only be prescribed by specialists in behavioral disorders in children and adolescents. In addition, the therapy must be interrupted regularly in order to be able to assess its effects on the health of the patients treated.
Status conference ADHD
In December 2014, 60 experts exchanged views on the current state of knowledge on medical care for children, adolescents and adults with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders at a conference sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Health. An overview of the status of care was given and evaluated against the background of the applicable national and international guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of those affected. As a result, the “central adhs network”, together with professional associations and organizations, has an interdisciplinary advisory board Key points for caring for people with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) developed. These summarize the largely scientifically proven knowledge of the causes and treatment options of ADHD.
Strategy of the federal government to promote child health
Info portal ADHD
Information portal from the central adhs network on the subject of attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Brochure "adhs ... what does that mean?"
Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder. Information brochure from the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA)
Central ADHD network
Website from the nationwide network to improve the care of children, adolescents and adults with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
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