How was Manchester UK founded

79 ADThe Roman general Agricola had a fort built in the area of ​​today's Castlefield 22 - Mamucium.  10th centuryThe first church to be built in Manchester is St Mary’s.  1215The later cathedral is built.  13th centuryManchester becomes a market town.  14th centuryFlemish weavers settle in Manchester and bring their fabric weaving skills with them.  18th centuryAround the year 1770 the first factories for textile production were built, so that Manchester developed more and more into a trading center for textiles. At this time, the first channels for transporting goods are also built.  19th centuryAt the height of the industrial revolution, Manchester grew enormously and became the global leader in the manufacture and processing of textiles. In order to ensure fast and smooth transport of the goods, countless canals and viaducts were built and the railway network expanded. Economic prosperity leads to new developments in medicine, education, science, architecture, art and literature. The prosperity of a few business people comes at the expense of the many workers who live and work in dire conditions. Hence the labor movement and the founding of the Labor Party.  1819Peterloo Massacre: At a peaceful public gathering at which about 80,000 people listen to speakers about the unjust treatment of workers, the authorities panic and forcefully disperse the crowd. Twenty people die, 400 injured - Manchester is recovering slowly and becoming the scene of a tireless labor movement.  1829George Stephenson builds the first Liverpool to Manchester railway (Liverpool and Manchester Railway).  1845Friedrich Engels publishes his book The Situation of the Working Class in England on the exploitation of the English workers. Engels' descriptions are based on his experiences in Manchester.  1853Manchester is granted city rights.  1868The first meeting of the Trades Union Congress, the umbrella organization of British trade unions, will take place on Princess Street.  1887The architect Alfred Waterhouse completes the impressive Town Hall.  20th centuryAfter the First World War, the textile trade declined sharply. In the 1960s, Manchester's textile industry was down. New industries started to settle in Manchester towards the end of the century. A large part of the city center is extensively renovated in the 1990s.  1903Founding of the Women’s Social and Political Union by Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst from Manchester, who radically advocate women's rights.  1940During the so-called Manchester Blitz, the German Air Force destroyed a large part of the city in the days before Christmas. Hundreds of people die, thousands are injured. Many of the historic buildings in the city center are badly damaged or destroyed - reconstruction sometimes takes decades.   1948At the University of Manchester, Tom Kilburn and Sir Frederic Williams introduce the first computer with a memory program, affectionately known as "baby".  1982Salford Quay docks are closing due to the poor economic situation.  1996On June 15, an IRA bomb exploded in a parked van on Corporation Street, destroying much of the city center. Nobody is killed. Soon after, a phase of comprehensive urban renewal begins.  21st centuryThe city center has been renovated and completely renewed. The economic situation has also improved - Manchester is focusing on the service industry and new technologies.  2002The prestigious Commonwealth Games take place in the "new" Manchester.  2003Manchester receives the EU's award for the best structural change in a European metropolis.  2017On May 22, 2017, there was an explosives attack at a music event in the Manchester Arena. There were numerous dead and injured.  todayManchester is one of the economically strongest regions in Great Britain and ranks third in England behind London and Birmingham in terms of gross national product. The formerly dominant heavy and textile industry is hardly of any importance today. The most important branch of the economy is the service sector, in particular financial services, consulting companies, as well as logistics and transport companies and the media and communication industry as well as the creative industries, as well as high technology such as biotechnology and environmental technology.

Tourism is also a growing source of income. The profound structural change has left deep marks in the urban economic and social structure, so that today there are extreme contrasts in Manchester - here you can find both very wealthy and the poorest households in Great Britain.

The cityscape of Manchester is shaped by different eras - the Victorian Age, the Industrial Revolution and the Modern Age. Outside the city center, many cotton factories have been preserved and are now used as offices and apartments.