What are some examples of OCD behavior

Cognitive behavioral therapy plus motivational interview for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder

detailed description

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a chronic and debilitating anxiety disorder. People With obsessive-compulsive disorder, recurring unwanted thoughts or obsessions are common. Some examples of obsessions include: repeated fears of causing harm or being hurt; Fears of contamination and illness; Fear of mistakes; obtrusively distressing sexual or religious images; and fears of losing things. In an effort to alleviate the fear of these obsessions, people with OCD develop repetitive behaviors called compulsions. Some examples of the constraints include: repeated washing and cleaning; excessive review; excessive ordering and arrangement; and extreme hoarding and saving. These thoughts and behaviors have a major impact on everyday life. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with exposure and ritual prevention (EX / RP) is a standard treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder. EX / RP involves both imaginary and real exposure to situations or attitudes that can stimulate OCD behavior, and it requires that patients not perform rituals. Motivational Interviewing (MI) can help increase an individual's motivation for change by exploring and resolving ambivalence. This study will determine the effectiveness of adding MI to CBT, which consists of EX / RP in improving treatment outcomes in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Participants in this single-blind study will be randomly selected to receive either standard CBT with EX / RP or CBT with EX / RP plus MI. All participants report to the study site twice a week for therapy and assessment for a total of 2 months. Reviews will include interviews and self-assessment forms. No medication will be administered during the study. However, participants will continue to take any medication they are taking at this point of entry into the study. All participants will be reviewed for their results after the study is completed. Participants who respond to therapy will be reassessed 6 months after study completion.