How many days can I miss school

School attendance for sick children

1. The most important things in a nutshell

Children who cannot attend school for a long time due to illness are nevertheless subject to compulsory schooling. During this time, you will receive lessons in accordance with the respective national regulations. It takes place either in the clinic or at home. The aim is that the pupils do not lose touch with the level of knowledge of their classmates and that reintegration into everyday school life is facilitated after overcoming the illness.

2. Child's needs

For the sick children and adolescents, the lessons mean participation in social life and the further promotion of their age-appropriate development. It is important to weigh up whether the lessons are more of a burden on the state of health or contribute to giving the child the feeling of a certain normalcy. This also helps alleviate any fears that school performance may deteriorate.

In the case of sick students, the teachers have to adapt to the individual situation of the child. It usually requires special support and intensive medical supervision. Teaching is always in accordance with the curriculum applicable to the grade and type of school and the guidelines of the home school.

3. Requirements

  • The child will probably not be able to attend lessons at the home school for more than 6 weeks.
  • The child repeatedly misses class because of a long-term illness.
  • The child's state of health allows them to attend classes.

4. Forms of instruction

Sick students can have hospital or home tuition or go to school for the sick. The individual forms of instruction depend on country-specific regulations.

In addition, there is sometimes the option of teaching in the so-called virtual classroom. A video conference between teacher and student can then take place via a PC with an Internet connection, or lessons in regular classes can be filmed and broadcast.

4.1. Hospital class

Lessons are primarily offered in the subjects relevant for the promotion. School support in the form of hospital lessons is individually tailored to the needs of the sick student.

As far as possible, the children are grouped into small, coordinated learning groups. Teachers are assigned to the hospital or neighboring schools take on the task of teaching. The lessons are adapted to the organization of hospital operations, e.g. for treatments and interventions. The teachers should be in close contact with the home school in order to find out about the previous school development, the strengths and weaknesses of the student and to inquire about the planned learning content. School-leaving qualifications can also be awarded for hospital lessons, taking into account the state regulations.

4.2. School for the sick

In some hospitals and child and adolescent psychiatric institutions, schools have been set up to teach sick children and adolescents. These schools are entitled to issue school-leaving certificates.

4.3. Home schooling

The organization of home lessons is regulated by the school supervisory authority in coordination with the attending physician.

The child's legal guardians must apply for home tuition. The home tuition is usually given as one-to-one tuition, but can also take place as group tuition. The forms are available from the respective school, and individual advice can also be provided. School-leaving qualifications can also be awarded with home schooling, taking into account the state regulations.

5. Performance evaluation

The evaluation of school performance is based on the respective state law.

The teacher, in conjunction with the attending physician, decides on the type, number and scope of the written work. The health of the child must be taken into account. Often there is also the possibility for the pupil to write down the schoolwork from the regular class in the hospital school or in home lessons at the same time and to have the regular school teachers correct them.

Upon completion of hospital or home tuition or attending a school for the sick, the student receives

  • Proof of the lessons (e.g. what content was taught, how long and how extensively it was taught),
  • a performance evaluation (e.g. in the form of grades or assessments) and
  • an opinion on the performance and learning behavior, taking into account the student's limitations due to the illness.

The performance evaluation is binding. This means that this includes the decision on a promotion to the next higher class. In addition, a certificate can be issued in individual cases.

6. Who can help?

The school for the sick or the teachers for hospital or home tuition advise and inform parents and pupils.

Information is also available from the Ministry of Culture in the respective federal state.

7. Related links

Children in the hospital

Pediatric treatment

Child care sickness benefit