Tasmania is tropical
Tasmania - unique island world
Mark Twain described Tasmania as a place where heaven and hell come together. And indeed, with the white beaches, the untouched nature, the unique animals and a mysterious story, you come across two worlds that form a unity in a fascinating way.
Geography - Australia's largest island
Tasmania is one Island and a state of the country of Australia. The island is approx. 240 kilometers south of mainland Australia away, on the edge of the Indian ocean. The two are separated by the strait of the Bass Street, which the Indian Ocean with the Tasman Sea connects. With just under 65,000 km² Area (269 km maximum length, 315 km maximum width), Tasmania is roughly the size of Ireland and therefore the largest island in the country. It is the capital and largest city at the same timeHobart. The highest mountain in the region is the Mount Ossa with a height of 1617 meters. The climate of Tasmania is oceanic, this being heavily influenced by the Currents in the west wind zone being affected. The winds coming from the west blow all year round and bring a lot changing weather with himself. In addition, more rain falls on the west side of the island than in the center and on the east side, which is not insignificantly related to the western mountain ranges.
Nature - unique flora and fauna
The nature in Tasmania exercises with its extraordinary, in part endemic flora and fauna a special fascination. Not least because of the geographical isolation, unique animal and plant species grow or live here. Dominate in the east dry and sparse forests the landscape, which is predominantly made up of Eucalyptus and acacia trees consist. That grows here too tallest deciduous tree in the world. The King eucalyptus can live up to 95 meters high and sometimes over 400 years old. In the northwest of Tasmania, dense, Rainforest similar forests with tall tree ferns and impenetrable undergrowth shape the landscape. Furthermore, there are purple ones Lavender fields, grass and moor areas, wonderful sandy beaches and mountainous areas Part of the Tasmanian nature. This is home to numerous unique animal species, the most famous of which is arguably the Tasmanian Devil (Tasmanian devil) is. This is already extinct on the Australian mainland and owes its name to its black fur, red ears and its eerie battle cry. General are Marsupials how Kangaroos, wombats and koalas common in the Australian state. It also counts Platypus and the Echidna to the fauna of Tasmania.
Natural sights - Original world natural heritage
Tasmania has many pristine stretches of landscape where the island's pristine landscape can be enjoyed. In total, about a quarter of the island is through Nature and national parks (18 in number) protected and as UNESCO World Natural Heritage expelled. They are particularly impressive Cradle Mountains and the Lake St. Clair, Australia's deepest freshwater lake, im Cradle Mountain Lake Saint Clair National Park. But also that Franklin Gordon Wild Rivers National Park with its rainforests and the Wineglass Bay in the Freycinet National Park are among the natural attractions of Tasmania. The latter in particular, with its white, fine sandy beaches, granite rocks and crystal-clear sea water, is one of the landmarks of the island.
Culture - The Alcatraz of Australia
Tasmania was originally connected to mainland Australia and only became an island after the Ice Age when the water level rose. The Tasmanian indigenous people was therefore by the Aborigines of mainland Australia spatially and culturally isolated. Until the European discovery by the Dutchman Abel Jaszoon Tasman the Tasmanians lived like in the Stone Age, as hunters and gatherers with simple stone, bone and wood tools and a lack of technology. However, it was completed by the British settlers in the 19th century exterminatedso that their culture and language died with them. Also, the island had to be considered one in the 19th century Penal colony serve. Between 1803 and 1853, approximately 75,000 male, female and child offenders were brought to Tasmania, mainly for coal mining and road and bridge construction. Their craftsmanship can still be seen today in the form of the Richmond Bridge, the oldest bridge in Australia, and the Red Bridge.
Cultural sights - on the trail of former convicts
Hobart, the capital of Tasmania, is a real insider tip among travelers to Australia. The second oldest city on the continent was among the top 10 places to visit by travel publisher Loneley Planet in 2013 and is particularly impressive with its old town quarter Battery Point, the numerous Sandstone warehouses and the Art museums Mona (Museum of Old and New Art) as well TMAG (Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallary). The second largest city on the island, Launceston, is also worth a visit with its Victorian buildings. Tasmania's main attraction, however, is the historic convict town Port Arthur. This functioned in the 19th century as a prison for British criminals, who were not only serious criminals, but also children in some cases. Due to the geographical location, escape was ultimately impossible, which is why Port Arthur was considered one of the safest prisons of its time. Although the historic site can only be admired in the form of ruins and a few cottages, it has not lost the least of its fascination. Many visitors are captured at first sight by the mysterious atmosphere of the former prison. The former prison grounds can be explored as part of several tours (e.g. one Ghost tour) can be explored.
Experience - art and cuisine in Hobart
To that cultural and lively hustle and bustle To get to know the island, the capital Hobart is definitely a suitable address. The dynamic port and the weekly market on Salamanca Place offer a lively, creative and colorful atmosphere in front of Georgian warehouses. Lots of local painters and art designers present and manufacture their goods here, which can be admired not only on the market square, but also in their studios or galleries. Regional dishes can then be sampled in one of the numerous restaurants and cafés at the harbor. Especially Seafood, freshly caught fish, lobster and oysters are often ordered. It is not uncommon for a glass to go with it local wine (e.g. Pinot Noir) is enough.
Activities - Hiking through the Tasmanian countryside
In Tasmania you can relax and indulge in Müller's lust. In total there are over on the island 2000 kilometers of signposted hiking trailsthat lead past pristine landscapes and breathtaking natural monuments. On the coasts of the island there are also Water sports enthusiasts on your costs. Bathing, swimming, sailing, surfing, diving or one Whale and dolphin watching boat tour are common leisure activities near the Tasmanian coast.
Tasmania rule all year round moderate temperatures. Therefore, the island can too every season to be traveled. However, you should changeable weathercaused by the currents in the west wind zone. Tasmania is best reached over mainland Australia, for example Melbourne. The Hobart airport is only served internationally from New Zealand.
A trip to Tasmania is especially interesting for all those who want to get to know Australia from a slightly different side. Due to its geographical isolation, the island has partly its own own plants and animals, which is excellent on a day trip through the unique landscapes and national parks to be admired.
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