What do you think about nationalism
Zeitbilder 3, textbook
Module 8 - Identities 143 Today National Sense The sense of togetherness, the feeling of belonging to a state, is referred to as the national feeling or national awareness. When pride in one's own country does not lead to devaluing or discriminating against others, some also speak of patriotism (= love of the country). National awareness must be judged according to whether it enables a peaceful, tolerant coexistence of nations, cultures and ethnic groups. When nationalism becomes dangerous The media are sounding the alarm: Nationalism has risen sharply again in Europe. What does that mean? When national awareness is inflated, one speaks of nationalism. This can manifest itself within a state when an ethnic group behaves intolerantly towards others (e.g. minorities). However, it can also mean that individual states want to ruthlessly assert themselves over others (p. 144 f.). The Austrian national consciousness For a long time, most Austrians felt that they were part of the German nation. Only after the experiences of National Socialism and the war did this change from 1945 onwards. In the last decades the Austrian national consciousness has developed strongly. According to a survey from 2008, 82% of those questioned see themselves as Austrians. In a blog it says about the cliché (= fixed idea, prefabricated picture) that some people abroad have of Austria: Q It is common knowledge that the cozy Austrians are very musical and like to sing and They yodel, they also wear dirndls and lederhosen, live in the mountains, ski perfectly and passionately dance the waltz. (salzburg2014erasmusplus.blogspot.co.at/p/salzburg-2014-html) What Austrians are proud of (Market Institute survey, survey period October 11-14, 2016, 500 respondents) Explain why the USA and the Switzerland can be described as a nation of will. Explain why Austria has also developed into a nation of will. Discuss the advantages and difficulties that arise from the coexistence of different ethnic groups and cultures in one state. Research one of the following terms in a small group: “Patriotism”, “Nationalism”, “Right-wing extremism”, “National Socialism” in the “Political Dictionary for Young People”, www.politik-lexikon.at and the Federal Agency for Civic Education www. bpb.de/nachhaben/ lexika / pocket-politik. Present your researched term on a poster. Your Facebook friend Tamina has never left her home, a small island in the South Seas. She has no idea of Austria. Answer the questions she posed with key words: - What are you proud of when you think of Austria? - Is there anything that you find “typically Austrian”? - Is there anything that you don't like about Austria? - Are there characteristics and behaviors in you that you consider to be “typically Austrian”? Compare your answers with the results of the survey (diagram).
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