Who wrote Harry Potter
Joanne K. Rowling
Joanne Kathleen Rowling (Born July 31, 1965 in Yate, South Gloucestershire) is a British writer who achieved worldwide success with a seven-part novel series about the wizarding student Harry Potter.
Joanne Rowling was born in the small town of Yate in southwest England, the daughter of Anne and Peter Rowling. Both parents were only twenty when Rowling was born. They were both from London. Peter Rowling worked at Rolls-Royce, Anne Rowling as a laboratory assistant.
Joanne Rowling doesn't actually have a middle name, but first called herself as the author "J. K. Rowling" (the "K" stands for "Kathleen", the first name of her paternal grandmother). The reason for this was Bloomsbury's fears, based on market studies, that a book written by a woman would have a poorer sales prospect. Therefore, instead of your treacherous first name, only the gender-neutral initials "J. K." on the book cover.
Her family lived in Yate when Rowling was born, and later moved to Winterbourne / Bristol, where Rowling started school in 1970. When Joanne was nine years old, her family moved to the small village of Tutshill near the Welsh border.
Even as a child, Rowling loved to read, which her mother encouraged. As she herself says, she wanted to be a writer even then: "Ever since I knew that books were written by people and didn't just fall out of the sky, I knew that I never wanted to do anything else.". At the age of five she made up her first story - it was about a bee named Miss Bee and a sick rabbit. She told these and other stories to her sister Dianne, who was two years her junior.
After graduating from school in 1983, she studied French and classical philology in Exeter. After completing her studies in 1987 (which included a one-year stay as an English teacher in Paris), she initially worked as a foreign language correspondent, inter alia. she worked for two years at Amnesty International in London. In 1989 she moved to live with her boyfriend at the time in Manchester. During this time she worked on two novels for adults, which she never published and later destroyed.
During a long train ride from Manchester to London, she invented the character Harry Potter in 1990. As she says, from the start she had in mind a seven-volume series of books about a young magician attending a boarding school for witches and wizards.
A few months later, on December 30, 1990, her mother died at the age of only 45 of multiple sclerosis, an event that had a lasting impact on Rowling.
In 1991 Rowling went to Portugal, where she attended the Encounter English School worked as a teacher in Porto in the afternoons. During this time she worked a lot on the first of her planned seven Harry Potter books.
In March 1992 she met the Portuguese TV journalist Jorge Arantes, whom she married on October 16, 1992. Just a few months after the birth of their daughter Jessica on July 27, 1993, Rowling and Arantes separated in November of the same year.
Rowling went back to Great Britain with her young daughter, namely to Edinburgh, where her sister Dianne was now living. As a single mother of a small child, she lived on welfare during this time while she continued to work on her first book.
In 1995 she completed Volume 1 of the Heptalogy: "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone". A year later she signed a contract with the literary agent Christopher Little. After the agency had offered Rowling's book to several publishers in vain (there are different speculations about the exact number), the Bloomsbury publisher accepted Rowling's manuscript in 1996. However, the publisher advised her to look for a job again, as children's books alone couldn't get rich. Rowling therefore began a training course to get back to work as a teacher and worked for a few months at a school in Edinburgh.
On June 26, 1997, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone was published with an initial print run of 500 copies.
Just three days after the publication of Volume 1, the US publisher Scholastic surprisingly bought the American rights to Rowling's book for $ 100,000. Under Rowling's contract with her agent, she received 80% of that amount. The fact that a six-figure sum had been paid for the first work of an unknown children's author made Rowling famous in one fell swoop. In September 1997, Carlsen Verlag from Hamburg acquired the rights to all seven novels in the series that had been announced for the German-speaking area.
Rowling completed the next volume "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets" shortly after the first volume was published. It was released in 1998 and sold well. After the publication of the third volume "Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" in 1999, the world public finally became aware of Rowling. The fourth volume "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire", published in 2000, had record first editions of 1 million (Great Britain) and 3.8 million (USA).
In 2000 Rowling sold all marketing rights including the film rights to Warner Bros., but retained the publishing rights and a say in the films. Because of her right to have a say, she ensured that Harry Potter was not produced as an animated film and that the films were almost exclusively cast with British actors.
On December 26, 2001, Rowling married a doctor, Neil Murray. The work on two "school books" by Harry Potter, which were mentioned several times in the first volumes of the series and as benefit expenses for Comic relief appeared, as well as Rowling's second pregnancy (their son David Gordon was born on March 23, 2003) - delayed work on the fifth volume "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix". The volume, which has been eagerly awaited worldwide, was finally published in June 2003 with an even higher number of copies than Volume 4.
On January 23, 2005, Rowling's third child, a daughter named Mackenzie Jean, was born
The sixth Harry Potter volume, "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince", which Rowling completed in December 2004, was released on July 16, 2005. On July 21, 2007, the last volume, "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows" came in of the original edition.
Rowling's Harry Potter novels have been translated into over sixty languages, including Latin and Ancient Greek, and have a total circulation of over 325 million copies worldwide. Rowling is now considered one of the richest women in Great Britain, even before Queen Elizabeth II.
Since then, the author has repeatedly emphasized how difficult it was for her, especially in the first few weeks after the publication of the seventh volume, to say goodbye to her seventeen-year life with the story of Harry Potter. In interviews after the series was over, she announced that she would at some point publish her many notes on the Harry Potter series as Rowling's Harry Potter encyclopedia for the benefit of a charitable project. As an author, she wants to turn to a completely different area.
Joanne K. Rowling has said goodbye to her Harry Potter world in literary terms with a book of fairy tales that appears in the last volume of the Harry Potter series. She initially created the book of fairy tales she wrote in only seven handwritten and self-illustrated copies, the leather covers of which are each decorated differently with semi-precious stones. Six of these unique pieces are a gift from the author to people who have accompanied her for many years during the creation of her novels. The remaining copy was auctioned on December 13, 2007 for the benefit of the organization The Children's Voice, which she founded, for a sum of millions. With the consent of everyone who owns one of the valuable individual copies, the fairy tale book was also published a year later in a generally accessible, less complex edition, which has been available in bookshops in English and a German translation since December 4, 2008. The sales proceeds will again go to the Children's High Level Group, which campaigns for the interests of particularly disadvantaged children in the home.
Since the Harry Potter series has proven to be extremely successful, there have been legal disputes over copyright infringements. Joanne K. Rowling and Warner Bros. initially made a name for themselves through very harsh, sometimes unfounded lawsuits and warnings against fansites and similar works (see above). Among other things, warnings were sent to children who operated fan sites; It was only when fans resisted in the Potterwar campaign that the author and film company said goodbye to this practice. In the meantime, Joanne K. Rowling awards a "Fan-Site Award" on her website at irregular intervals. There was a controversial legal dispute in fan circles after the conclusion of the Harry Potter series. The author and Warner Bros. sued Steve vander Ark, the operator of the large English-language Harry Potter lexicon, which was awarded the first Fan Site Award by Rowling, for planning parts of the lexicon, which was previously only available online and freely, together with the publisher RDR Books about the world created by Rowling as a printable version for sale. In September 2008, the planned RDR publication was prohibited by a court. Other copyright lawsuits have been fought with writers and publishers. For example, Nancy Stouffer, an American children's author, sued Ms. Rowling for names and terms from Stouffer's books The Legend of Rah and the Muggles and Larry Potter and His Best Friend Lily to have taken. Rowling won the September 2002 trial and Stouffer was fined $ 50,000. As became very clear in the run-up to the publication of the seventh Harry Potter volume, there were also some proceedings due to accidental, attempted or successful advance publications of Harry Potter volumes
(Details about this and other previous legal disputes (Wikipedia.en))
Rowling says she was not influenced by any other work than by when she wrote her books The little white horse by Elizabeth Goudge. In their opinion, however, flows "everything you've ever read" into a novel. The Harry Potter books, for example, could be influenced by Narnia- books by C. S. Lewis. Also the parallels to Lord of the Rings are bigger than you might think at first glance. J. K. Rowling is often compared to Roald Dahl, who, according to J. K. Rowling, is not one of her favorite authors.
The parallels are even greater. to the four-part comic published in 1990 The Books of Magic by Neil Gaiman.
Parallels between life and work
Many attempts have been made to draw parallels between J. K. Rowling's life and her books. Not all of them are true. For example, in Rowling's neighborhood in Winterbourne, where she lived in the 1970s, there was a boy named Ian Potter who would later claim that he was one of Joanne Rowling's closest friends as a child and that sparked her imagination by always acting as witches and wizards would have disguised. As a result, Ian Potter is the real role model for Harry Potter. Rowling writes on her website that this is not true and that she has few memories of this boy.
The parallels listed below come mainly from Rowling's own statements.
- The chapter Der Spiegel Nerhegeb (The Mirror of Erised) from Volume 1, Rowling wrote during her first time in Portugal (1991). Harry sees his heart's desire in this mirror - he sees himself together with his parents, whom he has never met. Rowling deals with the early death of her mother a few months earlier. When asked what she would see in this mirror, she replied once that she would see herself how she could speak to her mother for another five minutes.
- Rowling invented the Dementors in Volume 3 during her early days in Edinburgh. Often these beings, sucking out all the good memories from people and forcing them to relive the worst moments of their lives, are interpreted as a symbol of depression. In fact, Rowling once said that during that time when she was forced to live on welfare, she suffered from depression.
- King's Cross Station in London plays an important role in the books - this is where the train that takes Harry and his friends to school departs. Rowling's parents had met on a train that had departed from King's Cross, and the train ride that Rowling had the idea for Harry Potter on also ended there.
- Volume 3 contains the following text passage (p. 111 in the original; p. 110 in the German version): "Oh, by the way, this event that you are afraid of - it will happen on Friday the sixteenth of October". On Friday, October 16, 1992, Joanne Rowling and Jorge Arantes were married.
- Like its creator, Harry Potter's birthday is on July 31st.
- Rowling's own parents married very young, as do several of their (happy) couples.
- Among the numerous place and person names that appear in the Harry Potter books, there are also those of people and places that J. K. Rowling knows - e.g. B. the members of the Irish Quidditch team from Volume 4. Volume 5 also lists the Quidditch team of the Tutshill tornadoes mentioned - Rowling spent much of her youth in Tutshill.
Rowling's now fully released Harry Potter series includes:
In 2001, Joanne K. Rowling also published two small volumes that appeared repeatedly as fictional books in the Harry Potter books (she chose the names of the fictional authors as a pseudonym):
The proceeds from the sale of these books will go to the Comic Relief charity.
In the late autumn of 2007 Rowling wrote five fairy tales for her special edition of Beedle the Bard's Fairy Tales and created them by hand in seven elaborately designed individual copies. One of these copies was sold to Amazon.com in a charity auction for the benefit of the Children's High Level Group, which Rowling co-founded, and was repeatedly made available to a restricted public. Since December 4, 2008, a printed edition of the book of fairy tales has been available in bookshops both in English and as a German translation, which J. K. Rowling has enriched with the magical and historical notes of Albus Dumbledore. The proceeds will again benefit the aforementioned organization, which works for particularly disadvantaged children in homes.
In the summer of 2008, Joanne K. Rowling created a postcard for a charity auction for a dyslexia association and wrote a short story about an experience that Sirius Black and James Potter had about three years before Harry was born. Rowling's map and the short story available in book form as of August 08 can be viewed on the site of the organizer Waterstone (More J. K. Rowling publications on the Harry Potter story)
At the end of February 2012 it was announced that J. K. Rowling had been working on "a book for adults" for some time.
This book, a thriller under the title A sudden death (The casual vacancy) was published on September 27, 2012 in English and simultaneously in German translation (A sudden death by JK Rowling)
As of April 2013, JK Rowling published under the pseudonym (Robert Galbraith)
- The call of the cuckoo (Cuckoo's Calling) (2013)
- The silk moth ( The Silkworm) (2014)
- The harvest of evil (Career of Evil) (2016)
- White death (Lethal White) (2018)
- Bad blood (Trouble blood) (2020)
Detective stories about the war veteran Cormoran B. Strike and his partner Robin V. Ellacott, who solve tricky criminal cases together.
Released in November 2020 The Ickabog (The Ickabog) a children's book by Rowling, which was published free of charge on the Internet in many languages in summer 2020 in order to make the "Corona time" and the associated restrictions easier for all children. It was asked to illustrate the individual chapters. The most beautiful pictures were published with the bound book. JK Rowling donated all proceeds to the fight against corona (The Ickabog by JK Rowling).
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