Why did Justinian married Theodora

Theodora Empress of Byzantium
------------
508 † 12.6.548
Constantinople

Buried: Apostle Church in Constantinople
 

Middle daughter of Bear keeper Akakios
 

Lexicon of the Middle Ages: Volume VIII Column 631
********************
Theodora I, Empress 527-548
---------------
* 497, † June 28, 548 from cancer

Buried: Apostle Church in Constantinople

Wife of Justinian I.

Theodora I., Daughter of a bear keeper at the circus in Constantinople and drawn into the “Byzantine show business” (Beck) as a child, acted as skilful and attractive actress in the morally not always impeccable mimic performances of their time. At 518 it apparently followed as mistress an otherwise unknown Hekebolos, the for Governor of the Pentapolis (in what is now Libya). Theodora I. seems to have left him soon, however, and returned to Constantinople via Alexandria and Antiochia. In those capitals of Egypt and Syria she came with the Patrairchen Timothy IV of Alexandria and Severus in contact, who represented the Monophysite tendency in Christology; thanks to this encounter stayed Theodora I. a lifetime die secret protector of the Monophysitesagainst which the emperor had to turn for reasons of state. Theodora I. had given up the objectionable profession of actress and, according to tradition, earned hers Livelihood by wool spinning. In what way they are around 15 years older Justinian, adviser to his imperial uncle at the timeJustin, got to know, is not known. In order to make the wedding possible, which finally took place in 525, legal barriers that had been set for the former actress had to be lifted Theodora I. in the Rank one Patricia be collected. In 527 the coronation of the imperial couple took place with all the prescribed rites. Theodora I. Very soon he knew how to gain authority among the people and the army, and exerted considerable influence on the affairs of government; still spoke in the 12th century Historian Johannes Zonares (14,6,1) of the fact that the rulership Justinians not a monarchy, but power was divided into two parts. In the Nika uprising of 532, the Empress's steadfastness had saved the throne; after the suppression of the insurrection, she opposed the intention Justinians, the Anti-Emperor Hypatios to pardon, probably the most striking example of how Theodora I. the imperial personnel policy, sometimes with hatred, sometimes with advocacy, was able to participate. She demanded prosksynesis, received ambassadors from abroad, set up her own information service and made sure that her voice was heard on foreign policy too. Undoubtedly sought out Theodora I.as it was in the quasi-absolutist power system, to enrich as much as possible. She knew how to use the Byzantine silk monopoly for her private treasure as well as the frequent confiscations of assets. Her goods in the various parts of the country brought her 50 gold pounds annually and required her own asset management. Her opponents accused the Empress of secret justice, poisoning and torture.
The amendment 8, I on the administrative reform explicitly mentions Theodora I. as co-author. Such participation is allowed to continue Justinians Welfare measures to curb prostitution and trafficking in girls (amendment 14), to consolidate marriage (amendments 117 and 134), and to raise the social position of actresses are adopted. Erected on the Asian side of the Bosphorus Theodora I. a home for 500 prostitutes called Metanoia ('Penance'). She provided churches, monasteries, aisenhospitals and hospitals with rich gifts, as befits the philanthropy of a Byzantine ruler. The mosaic picture of the Church of San Vitale in Ravenna (545-547), the Justinian represents in the Orient has its immediate counterpart, the Theodora I. in a similar arrangement, but with a completely independent view, reflects a contemporary recognition of her unusual personality. In his "Anekdota" the Historian Prokopius von Kaisareia the imperial couple as that Incarnation of evil and compiled slanderous gossip stories from dubious sources. The Monophysite historians (Zacharias Rhetor, John of Ephesus, Barhebraeus) encounter it Theodora I. with well-founded gratitude and sympathy.



Multimedia Lexicon 2001
*********************
Theodora

Byzantine empress
born around 500 in Constantinople
died June 28, 548 in Constantinople

Wife KaiserJustinians (since 523); according to the report of Byzantine historian Prokopios - former dancer and courtesan; great political influence as Co-regent of the emperor; prevented his escape during the Nika uprising in 532 and thus saved his crown.



B.ERTELSMANN Lexicon History: Page 751
********************************
THEODORA, Empress of Byzantium
------------------
* 497, † 28.6.548
Constantinople Constantinople

Wife of Emperor Justinian I.
Daughter of a circus keeper, married the heir to the throne around 523 and became de facto Co-regent; in the Nika uprising of 532, she saved her and her husband's rule by taking the General Belisarius murdered 30,000 people in the hippodrome. She favored the Monophysites.



L.exikon Ancient Cultures: Volume III, page 513
*******************
Theodora
-------------
* Constantinople around 500, † ibid. June 28, 548

empress

Wife of Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I., of the great. Daughter of an animal keeper at the hippodrome, before their marriage actress. Theodora had been in contact with Monophysite circles since a stay in Alexandria. After the accession to the throne Justinians she was only active as a charity and engaged in church activities in favor of monophysitism, but also exercised great political influence, above all in church and personnel policy. With her fearlessness she prevented the emperor's escape during the Nika uprising (532) and thus saved his throne and empire.

Literature:
-----------
Schubart, W .: Justinian and Theodora, Munich 1943, reprint Hildesheim 1984 - Bridge, A .: Theodora Portrait in a Byzantine landscape. London 1978.



Thiele, Andreas: Plate 491
*************
"Narrative genealogical family tables on European history Volume III European Imperial, Royal and Princely Houses Supplementary Volume"

JUSTINIAN I.
------------------
* 482, † 565

 525
oo THEODORA, Daughter of an innkeeper
               † 548

Former Circus dancer with an extremely questionable reputation (see Prokop's secret reports), 527 Augusta and influential Co-regent, intrigued, brave, devious; secured the throne for the fickle man and controlled it completely.



Theodora was a Circus performer (actress, Dancer) with questionable reputation. She became 527 Augusta raised. A sharp mind, great personal determination and a talent for political intrigue made her a valuable helper and influential Co-regent her husband. she was brave, Intrigued and devious, secured the throne for her fickle husband and controlled him completely. Her past life in the circus milieu shaped her mostly negative characteristics in fiction. she had from 1st marriage two children, of which only the name of the SonJohn is known.

GHORSE WOMEN OF WORLD HISTORY. A thousand biographies in words and pictures .: Page 462
************************************************************************
THEODORA OF BYZANZ
--------------------------------------
at 497 † 28.VI.548

This great empress wifeJustinians, beautiful, Smart, graceful and gifted, is still a human mystery today. In the mosaic of the Church of San Vitale in Ravenna, she looks at us as saints; in the secret history of the ProcopWho tells "true gossip", occurs, at least until she is 22, as public prostitute on, in a rotten urban Byzantium with a politicizing circus and sailor bars. On her last love trip she was in Alexandria from Patriarch Timothy converted and from then on remained firm in faith and morals. The 40 year old Crown Prince Justinian got to know her as a homeworker; he was deeply convinced of their transformation; his uncle, the Emperor Justin, repealed the law that forbade improper marriages. To the horror of the old empress, the couple were married in Hagia Sophia and then introduced to the enthusiastic people in the circus. Theodora soon gained the greatest influence on the clear-headed but cold emperor, who never traveled but ruled his world empire from his desk; she hated the suckers and corrupt officials who enriched themselves at the expense of the people, and overthrew the mighty, fat chief minister. It experienced its greatest moment when the mob set the city on fire and revolted against the emperor. As Justinian wanted to flee, stopped Theodora in the council of war her famous speech that saved the empire and the city. In the end, the emperor only relied on two people: on Narses and up Theodora. The empress, the "earth spirit of the people", ruled, double-faced, hard and pious, violent and humble, until the emperor proclaimed "perfect peace" after a bloody war. Theodora, the fairytale empress from Byzantium, died at the age of 50, mourned by the whole people.


1. oo N.N.
               †

    525
2. oo Justinian I Emperor of Byzantz
x 11.5.482 † 15.11.565
 
 
 
 

Children:
1. marriage

John
        †
 
 
 
 

Literature:
-----------
B.ERTELSMANN Lexicon History 1991 Page 751 - B.ridge Anthony: Theodora. Rise and rule of a Byzantine empress. Heinrich Hugendubel Verlag Kreuzlingen / Munich 1999 - B.rowning Robert: Byzantium. Rome's golden daughters. The history of the Byzantine Empire. Gustav Lübbe Verlag GmbH Bergisch Gladbach 1982 Page 40 - B.rowning Robert: Justinian and Theodora. Ruler in Byzantium. Manfred Pawlak Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Herrsching 1988 - D.ahn Felix: The Great Migration. Germanic-Romanesque early history of Europe. Verlag Hans Kaiser Klagenfurt 1977 Page 60.75 - E.nnen, Edith: Women in the Middle Ages. Publishing house C.H. Beck Munich 1994, page 33-34 - GHORSE WOMEN OF WORLD HISTORY. A thousand biographies in words and pictures. Neuer Kaiser Verlag 1987 Page 462 - Günther Rigobert: Roman empresses. Between love, power and religion. Militzke Verlag Leipzig 2003 Page 18 - L.exikon Ancient Cultures, Meyers Lexikonverlag Mannheim / Vienna / Zurich 1990 Volume III Page 513- L.öwe Gerhard /St.oll Heinrich Alexander: The ancient world in brief. Koehler & Amelung Leipzig 1967 Page 325 - Norwich John Julius: Byzantium. The rise of the Eastern Roman Empire. Econ Verlag GmbH, Düsseldorf and Munich 1993 Volume I Pages 222-231,233,240,248,251,268,270,274 - R.unciman, Steven: History of the Crusades, special edition in 1 volume Verlag H.C. Beck Munich 1978 Page 9 - SchReiber Hermann: In the footsteps of the Goths. List Verlag Munich 1977 page 86,239 - SchReiber Hermann: The vandals. Triumphant advance and fall of a Germanic people. Gondrom Verlag Bindlach 1993 page 364 - St.one Jean: Theodora. From circus whore to empress. Editions Rencontre Lausanne 1970 - Thiele, Andreas: Narrative genealogical family tables on European history Volume III European Imperial, Royal and Princely Houses Supplementary Volume, R.G. Fischer Verlag 1994 Plate 491 - Thiess Frank: The Greek emperors. The birth of Europe. Paul ZsolnayVerlag Gesellschaft mbH Hamburg / Vienna 1959 Page 41,43,64,166,358,465 - W.his Ernst W .: Charlemagne. Emperor and saint. Bechtle Verlag Esslingen 1986 Page 214 -