Which professions and industries use fasteners

Mechanical engineering - industry information

Mechanical engineering is one of the most important branches of industry. It is a classic engineering discipline and deals with the development, design and manufacture of machines. Machines have become an indispensable part of today's life. They are used to convert energy, process materials or mechanize and automate production. Even in ancient times, people used machines to process various materials. They were driven by muscle, wind or water power. A good example is the mill, which uses mechanical energy to produce flour from grains. In addition, machines relieved people of monotonous, physically difficult and dangerous work.

Machines as "daily companions of life"

Today machines shape people's lives. The spectrum ranges from the kitchen appliance to the electric drill / driver to the machine tool in the workplace. Machines serve as work equipment and allow more precise and faster work than by hand. Progress in mechanical engineering is primarily aimed at developing and manufacturing high-performance machines. Modern technologies, high-quality materials and the use of testing and measuring equipment allow complex production processes to be implemented.

With over 7,000 companies and an annual turnover of 155 billion euros, mechanical engineering is one of the most important branches of industry in Germany. There are currently one million employees in the companies and suppliers. The share of export is 60 percent. Products from the German mechanical engineering sector are characterized by their high quality and enjoy an international reputation.

Mechanical engineering and its diverse area of ​​responsibility

Mechanical engineering is an umbrella term and is divided into the areas

➤ Vehicle construction,

➤ Agricultural machinery,

➤ Machine tool construction,

➤ Special machine construction,

➤ Energy and drive machines as well as the

➤ Other mechanical engineering.

His subject areas include mechanics and design, manufacturing and assembly technology, and materials technology. Mechanization and automation fall into the field of mechatronics and include measurement, control and regulation technology. Technical mechanics deals with statics and strength theory as well as kinematics. It is an important discipline in the construction of machines.

Manufacturing technology occupies an important position. It includes the manufacture and processing of workpieces through primary and reshaping, cutting, joining and coating. In addition, there is a change in the properties of the material, for example through hardening. In manufacturing technology, maintaining certain tolerances while reducing costs plays an important role. In mechanical engineering, non-cutting and cutting CNC-controlled shaping is becoming increasingly important.

Machine and construction elements are an important part of mechanical engineering. These include fasteners such as screws, rivets and pins. Plain and roller bearings take the lead, gears are used to transfer movements and forces. The calculation, dimensioning and construction of machine elements is one of the most important tasks in mechanical engineering.

Training and professions in mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering offers young professionals a wide range of tasks. A good secondary school leaving certificate and an interest in technology are the basis for a career in the mechanical engineering industry. Well-known apprenticeships are mechanical engineers, designers and technicians. The apprenticeship usually lasts three years and takes place in the training company and the vocational school. In addition to technical understanding, knowledge of mathematics, electrical engineering, physics and control and regulation technology is required. The applicant is characterized by a good command of English and a safe use of the PC.

Practice requires the production of workpieces according to drawings as well as the setting up, operation and maintenance of machine tools. In addition, the assembly of assemblies is one of the most important tasks of a machine builder. Speed, good reactions and eyesight as well as physical resilience are among the basic requirements in mechanical engineering. Correct handling of measuring and test equipment allows compliance with tolerances and ensures high quality.

Salary and career opportunities in mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering is one of the professions with good prospects and an attractive salary. After completing his apprenticeship, a 21-year-old mechanical engineer earns 2,000 euros gross per month. The salary increases with the length of service to up to 3,200 euros. Difficulty and shift supplements are often added to the salary. Design engineers and technicians start their careers with a salary of 2,700 to 3,200 euros. As a manager in mechanical engineering, monthly salaries of up to 5,300 euros are possible.

Career starters and job seekers will find a permanent job with an interesting area of ​​responsibility in the mechanical engineering sector. Studying at a university of applied sciences opens up a wide range of opportunities - from workshop managers to main designers and project engineers. In the upper management level, such as the property manager, salaries of 6,000 euros and up are not uncommon. Well-known automobile and machine manufacturers in particular have a constant need for qualified specialists. In addition, a master's degree opens the way to self-employment and entitles you to train apprentices.