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Guide to dentures

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I need dentures. Where should I start?

The recommendation for dentures gives you
your dentist alone. Only a dentist is due
his professional competence in a position to your
Assess the oral situation and give you a recommendation. The dentist will recommend the best treatment option for your specific situation and, if necessary, have the appropriate dentures made in a dental laboratory by trained dental technicians.

What types of dentures are there?

Dentures can replace all or part of the teeth. The dentures that replace all teeth are known as full dentures or full dentures and they rest on the gums that cover the jawbones. The stability and retention of these prostheses can be improved by attaching them to dental implants. Dentures that replace some, but not all, teeth are known as partial dentures. They attach to the remaining teeth and lie on the gums and bones where the natural teeth are missing. Here too, dental implants can be used to attach or stabilize partial dentures.

What is the average cost of dentures?

The cost of dentures varies greatly due to numerous factors:

  • Complexity of your particular treatment
  • Type of materials used
  • Time to complete the treatment
  • Location of the dental office.

Denture fees may vary based on your needs and the applicable fees in your state. Payment terms also vary according to the business needs of the specific practice. The best way to determine the fees for the services you need is to discuss with your dentist a treatment and cost plan that you will need. In many cases, your additional payment for dentures can now be financed very inexpensively.

How do I take care of my dentures?

Teeth whitening: It is not possible to whiten dentures like natural teeth because dentures are made of plastic. To minimize discoloration and remove food and plaque bacteria, clean your dentures thoroughly every day. Brushing with the softest possible toothbrush prevents dentures from becoming permanently stained and ensures lasting health in the mouth:

  • Moisten the brush and apply a non-abrasive soap or toothpaste (regular toothpaste is too abrasive).
  • Brush all surfaces inside and out by gently scrubbing.

A variety of denture cleaners can be safely used (as recommended by the manufacturer) to remove most stains. Don't use bleach on your dentures unless your dentist gives you specific instructions on how to use bleach. Stubborn stains can be removed by your dentist or a dental technician.

Brushing: Do not brush your dentures with normal toothpaste. Toothpastes are designed for use on teeth and often contain materials and chemicals that help whiten and strengthen teeth, but can damage dentures, which are made of a very durable plastic. Although the plastic is sturdy, it is not as hard as tooth enamel and can be scratched by toothpaste when cleaning your denture. You should clean your dentures daily with dishwashing liquid or a special denture cleaner. After thoroughly cleaning it in the water glass, soak your prosthesis in a water-based cleaning solution overnight.

Repairing broken dentures: The best solution is to go to a dentist who can have the damaged denture professionally repaired by a dental technician. Sometimes the supposed damage may be easy to fix, but it's especially important that the repair is done correctly and professionally to avoid chewing problems and sores. The dentist must review and adjust the prosthesis after the repair. If your dentures are too old or no longer fit your gums exactly, you may need a new denture.

Can I also wear my dentures at night?

Yes, you can wear your denture at night, but it is recommended that you remove dentures at night so that your gums and bones can recover from the pressure of the denture during the day. If you have to wear your prosthesis at night for social reasons or to keep your jaw from closing too much, make time during the day to properly clean your mouth and prostheses. You should never wear your dentures 24 hours a day without performing proper oral hygiene. Dentures should be cleaned at night and stored in water.

Can I eat normally with dentures?

Most patients need to learn how to use their dentures properly and it takes some time to get used to them. After a while, you should be able to eat normally, but it may take a little more time to get used to tougher or sticky foods. Using a small amount of denture adhesive (no more than three or four pea-sized swabs on each denture) can help stabilize the denture and keep it in place as you learn to familiarize yourself with it.

Chewing gum: Dentures and chewing gum usually don't work well together no matter what brand of chewing gum you try. The gums typically stick to the acrylic plastic in the denture. Chewing gum can break a seal on the denture, which will loosen it as a result. Gums can get stuck on the denture and eventually harden and discolor. As a consequence, it is advisable to avoid chewing gum when wearing dentures.

How high is the risk of pain when purchasing dentures?

When you first get a new denture, it is normal to experience minor irritation that should subside as your mouth gets used to it. The duration of the pain varies. If you've previously worn dentures and now have a new one, it may take longer. Even if you had some natural teeth that were removed at the time of the new denture, the areas where the extractions were performed can be painful or uncomfortable for up to several weeks after the teeth were removed. Regular visits to your dentist are recommended to adjust the denture while you go through the normal healing process.


How do I know when it is time to have my dentures relined?

If the prosthesis no longer fits as well as it used to, you may need to have an overhaul done to replace the base of the prosthesis, called a “reline” or “reline”. Contact your dentist to see if your denture needs relining. Do not use over-the-counter reline kits for repairs, as this procedure must be carried out professionally by your dentist with the help of a dental technician so that your prosthesis fits perfectly again.

Excessive salivation after relining?

In this case, you can have the maxillary denture checked to see if it is correctly positioned. Sometimes, after relining, the dentures can initially sit in the mouth in such a way that the lips cannot be closed, which leads to excess salivation. This problem should go away after a while. If this doesn't happen, you should see your dentist to fix the problem.


What are permanent prostheses?

The term "permanent dentures" is deceptive and misleading. As we know, most things in life do not last forever, teeth and dentures alike. "Permanent dentures" are held on dental implants by screws or dental cement and cannot be removed by a patient, but only by a dentist. However, even these “permanent dentures” can wear out, break or discolour and must then be replaced. Permanent prostheses can lead to sore muscles, which should subside within two weeks; if this is not the case, the prosthesis will most likely need to be adjusted. You should see your dentist as soon as possible in this case.

Is it possible to get dentures on the day of the tooth extraction?

Yes, it is possible to place dentures on the same day after the tooth extraction. These dentures are called instant dentures. You should discuss with your dentist whether this treatment is best for you.

I have implants under my prosthesis, but my prosthesis is still loose. Why?

If the implants were inserted a long time ago and you have not made regular follow-up visits / maintenance visits to your dentist, these problems can occur frequently. Unfortunately, over time, the jawbone will shrink under your dentures, which can cause the dentures to slip and painful ulcers to form. In addition, the connecting parts become worn or damaged in use and must be replaced. Regular visits to your dentist are recommended.

I've recently started wearing the prosthesis and the lower prosthesis seems loose. What can I do?

In most cases, the lower prosthesis is less stable than the upper. This is caused by the shape of the gums on the lower ridge and the movement of the denture through the tongue. Ask your dentist whether it is advisable for them to support your lower denture with dental implants. Implants can be used to stabilize and hold the lower denture, so you can chew more efficiently and have the peace of mind that your denture will stay in place.


Is it possible to match the color of my partial denture to my remaining natural teeth?

Dentists, dental technicians and their teams are very well trained in the art of shade matching. With a new partial denture, you can achieve an absolutely identical color to your natural teeth by using pre-colored materials and finishing them by hand. If it is an existing partial denture, we would recommend having a new one made, as the cost of coloring your old partial denture would be about the same.

What do I do if screws in the prosthesis loosen?

If implants have been inserted, one expects a noticeable stabilization of the prosthesis. In any case, the movement of the prosthesis should be reduced.
However, if your dentures rub your cheeks or you even accidentally bite your cheek, you should see your dentist again who made the dentures to correct this condition. You should always consult your dentist in case of such difficulties.


What do I do if my prosthesis feels heavy and I have trouble closing my mouth?

While it usually takes time to get used to the new denture, it is likely that if the teeth were removed on the same day the dentures were placed, you should keep in touch with your dentist to make sure: that the dentures still fit well during the healing process. If no teeth have been extracted and new dentures have simply been made, fewer problems should be expected. The heaviness may have something to do with the fact that you have not previously worn dentures or partial dentures. If this is the case, it will take several weeks for you to become fully accustomed to the new prosthesis.


After wearing dentures for a very long time, I lose gums and bones. Can that be fixed?

Research shows that the jawbone shrinks and changes shape once teeth are removed. As a rule, dentures should therefore be checked every year. Dentures can loosen after 5 to 10 years and must be restored if they lose their fit. By using dental glue, you may have compensated for the loose fit of your denture. Even if you get used to it, you won't get the function and appearance of a denture that you deserve. In addition, it is also important that you take your denture out at night so that your gum tissue can rest and the possibility of sores can be reduced.

My dentures won't hold up. What should I do?

Relining of dentures should improve the fit of the denture base on the jaw. However, if your jaw has been without natural teeth for some time, it can be difficult to make the denture stable, especially if the jawbone is small. Soft tissues under dentures can also be easily irritated from prolonged wear (24 hours a day). You should avoid wearing dentures at night as this gives the skin a chance to recover from wearing them during the day. Your dentist should ensure that the skin in the mouth is healthy and take appropriate action before relining. If there is enough jawbone, reline relines can often be done well. If this is not the case, it may be necessary to re-examine the redesign of the prosthesis.


Is there any way to replace teeth with dentures after they are lost to oral cancer?

Consult your dentist. Some patients have to wait some time before dentures can be placed. Cancer treatment details are important in developing a schedule and treatment approach.

Is it possible to get dentures if you haven't had teeth for a long time?

It is difficult to predict how much substance will remain in the upper and lower jaw after 20 years without natural teeth. When teeth are removed, the bone that holds them in place shrinks over time. This doesn't always happen, but it's more the norm after tooth extraction. It is therefore important that the dentures are made professionally so that they fit well and put minimal stress on the bones. It is unlikely that after 20 years without wearing a prosthesis you will still have all of your original bone. Your dentist should examine your mouth annually to ensure optimal oral health, including the level of bone that would be under your dentures.

The back of my prosthesis shows up while I'm eating. What can I do against it?

It is possible that your dentures do not fit optimally or that the position of the implants may not be the most favorable. Usually this can be solved by adjusting the prosthesis or adding more implants. Your dentist can help you in this situation.

After applying adhesive cream, it is very difficult to remove dentures. How do I remove it without pain?

If you're using your denture adhesive properly, there shouldn't be much adhesive left on your gums and roof of your mouth when you remove the denture. Patients use a variety of methods to remove the adhesive: a piece of gauze, a handkerchief, a damp washcloth, or a wet toothbrush. Don't use more than three or four pea-sized adhesive strips on each prosthesis.

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