Who followed Emperor Domitian

Titus Flavius Domitianus

Origin, youth and career

Domitian was born on October 24, 51 in Rome, the son of Vespasian. His birthplace was in a district that Malum Punicum (Pomegranate) was called. In contrast to his brother, Domitian did not enjoy a courtly upbringing. Even when his father was proconsul in Africa, he was likely to have remained in the care of his uncle Flavius ​​Sabinus.

It was the same when the Flavians were besieged by Vitellius's troops on December 18, 69 during the civil war. In contrast to his uncle, he managed to escape when he stormed the Capitol. Incidentally, he later ensured that painters and poets recorded this event again and again in their works.

When Primus entered Rome victoriously, he made Domitian the reference as Caesar. When Vespasian's colleague Mucianus took over government affairs in Rome, Domitian was mentioned in the first edicts. So Domitian ruled with Mucianus until his father's arrival in October 70.

But the relationship between the two was not unclouded. Domitian wanted to give Primus an influential military position in gratitude for his quick action, but Mucianus did not consider approving this. He also teamed up with Cerealis, who fought against rebellious Teutons in order to avoid a triumphant victory for Domitian.

During the rest of Vespasian's reign he was showered with honors, but resigned from all important political offices. Neither his father nor his brother thought to involve him in the government in any way. Just several consulates and the title princeps iuventutis (First of the youth) he could claim for himself. Relations with Titus remained frosty until his death. But there is no evidence of rebellion or intrigue.

Domitian was naturally frustrated. A circumstance that certainly contributed to his inferiority complex. Officially, he claimed that he didn't mind any of this, but inside it should have looked different, especially since he accused his brother of forging Vespasian's will. He took refuge in painting and poetry to distract himself.

When the childless Titus died in September 81, Domitian immediately followed him to the throne. Today it is no longer possible to say whether he had expected to inherit his brother in office so quickly. When he heard of the impending end, he did not hesitate and set off for Rome - without waiting for Titus to die - to be proclaimed emperor by the guard. A day later - Titus had died - the Senate also confirmed him. Because of his quick action, every germ of opposition was nipped in advance.