What does the symbol 43



A Danger symbol is a pictogram that, together with a specific Hazard designation gives an initial, easily recognizable indication of the dangers posed by a hazardous substance.

The R and S phrases with which all packaging of the substances classified as hazardous material must be labeled provide further information on the handling of the labeled substances.

Hazard symbols are uniformly prescribed within the European Union in Annex II of Directive 67/548 / EEC and are standardized and controlled by the European Chemicals Bureau (ECB).

The Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) is valid for Canada.

Examples

Hazard symbols

The hazard symbols form 3 groups, whereby a hierarchy must be observed for the labeling:

Fire health environmental Protection
E. Explosive T + Very poisonus N Dangerous for the environment
F + Extremely flammable T Toxic
F. Flammable C. Corrosive
O Oxidising Xn Harmful to health Xi Lovely

If 2 symbols from a vertical line apply, only the one furthest at the top is used. In the “Health” group, this also applies from left to right, with the exception that C remains next to T if it is a CMR substance (carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction).

This results in a maximum of 4 symbols for a hazardous substance (example: chromium (III) chromate: O, T, C, N [1]).

Overview of hazard symbols

The symbols are listed below in the order shown above:

Danger symbol
Hazard designation
Code letter1
Hazard designation
Significance (danger and instructions for use) Examples

Explosive

E.
(EN) Explosive
(FR) Explosif
(IT) Esplosivo
(ES) Explosivo

Danger: Substances that can explode under certain conditions. The dangers described under F +, F and O can also emanate from substances labeled in this way; in these cases these symbols do not have to be indicated additionally.

Handling: Avoid impact, shock, friction, sparking and the effects of heat.

Extremely flammable

F +
(EN) Extremely flammable
(FR) Extreme inflammation
(IT) Estremamente infiammabile
(ES) Extremadamente inflamable

Danger: Self-igniting substances, highly flammable gaseous substances, moisture-sensitive substances or flammable liquids.

Handling: Avoid contact with sources of ignition / danger (air, water).

Flammable

F.
(EN) Highly flammable
(FR) Facilement inflammable
(IT) Facilmente infiammabile
(ES) Fácilimente inflamable

Danger: Self-igniting substances, highly flammable gaseous substances, moisture-sensitive substances or flammable liquids.

Handling: Avoid contact with sources of ignition / danger (air, water).

Oxidising

O
(EN) Oxidizing
(FR) Comburant
(IT) Comburente
(ES) Comburente

Danger: Substances that can ignite flammable substances or encourage fires that have broken out and thus make fire fighting more difficult.

Handling: Avoid all contact with flammable materials.

Very poisonus

T +
(EN) Very toxic
(FR) Très toxique
(IT) Molto tossico
(ES) Muy tóxico

Danger: Inhalation, ingestion or absorption through the skin usually results in considerable damage to health or even death. Less than 25 mg per kilogram of body weight can lead to death. The dangers described under Xn, Xi and C can also emanate from substances labeled in this way; in these cases these symbols do not have to be indicated additionally.

Handling: Avoid all contact with the human body and consult a doctor immediately if you feel unwell.

Toxic

T
(EN) Toxic
(FR) Toxique
(IT) Tossico
(ES) Tóxico

Danger: Inhalation, ingestion or absorption through the skin usually results in considerable damage to health; 25-200 mg per kilogram of body weight can be fatal. The dangers described under Xn, Xi and C can also emanate from substances labeled in this way; in these cases these symbols do not have to be indicated additionally. However, according to RL 67/548 EEC, the labeling with C next to T remains if the latter is due to a carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic effect.

Handling: Avoid all contact with the human body and consult a doctor immediately if you feel unwell.

Harmful to health

Xn
(EN) Harmful
(FR) Nocif
(IT) Nocivo
(ES) Nocivo

Danger: If absorbed into the body, these substances can be harmful to health

Handling: Avoid contact with the human body, including inhalation of the vapors, and consult a doctor if you feel unwell. The dangers described under Xi can also emanate from substances labeled in this way; in these cases this symbol does not have to be indicated additionally.

Corrosive

C.
(EN) Corrosive
(FR) Corrosif
(IT) Corrosivo
(ES) Corrosivo

Danger: Living tissue, but also many materials, are destroyed when they come into contact with this chemical. The dangers described under Xn and Xi can also emanate from substances labeled in this way; in these cases these symbols do not have to be indicated additionally.

Handling: Do not inhale vapors and avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.

Lovely

Xi
(EN) Irritant
(FR) Irritant
(IT) Irritant
(ES) Irritant

Danger: Substances irritating to skin, eyes and respiratory organs; can cause inflammation.

Handling: Do not inhale vapors and avoid contact with skin and eyes.

Dangerous for the environment

N
(EN) Dangerous for the environment
(FR) Dangereux pour l'environnement
(IT) Pericoloso per l'ambiente
(ES) Peligroso para el medio ambiente

Danger: If released into the environment, damage to the ecosystem can be caused immediately or later.

Handling: Depending on the hazard potential, do not allow it to enter the sewage system, soil or the environment. Observe special disposal regulations!

1 The Identification letters are not part of the labeling.

Additional hazard designations

Additional hazard designations apply to CMR substances (carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic to reproduction) and allergens

Overview of hazard designations

Hazard designation Identification with hazard symbol Significance (danger and instructions for use) Examples
Sensitizing


XnHarmful or XiLovely

Danger: R 42 May cause sensitization through inhalation. Substances and preparations that have been shown to cause specific hypersensitivity (e.g. asthma) in humans. Substances and preparations which achieve positive results in suitable animal experiments. Isocyanates, unless there is evidence that the isocyanate in question does not cause inhalation sensitization.

R43 May cause sensitization by skin contact. Substances and preparations which cause sensitization through skin contact in a considerable number of people. Substances and preparations which achieve positive results in suitable animal experiments.

Handling: R 42 May cause sensitization through inhalation. Avoid all contact by inhalation of gas / vapor / smoke / aerosol. R43 May cause sensitization by skin contact. Avoid all contact by skin contact.

Nickel and its salts
formaldehyde

Carcinogenic


TToxic or XnHarmful to health

Danger: Substances are carcinogenic if they can cause cancer or increase the incidence of cancer if they are inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through the skin. R 45 May cause cancer. R 49 May cause cancer if inhaled. R 40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.

Handling: Avoid contact with the body - including ingestion or inhalation. Contact a doctor immediately in the event of contact.

Nickel and its salts
Chromium (VI) oxide, chromates and dichromates
benzene

Mutagenic


TToxic or XnHarmful to health

Danger: Substances are mutagenic if they can cause heritable genetic damage or increase their frequency when inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through the skin. R 46 May cause heritable genetic damage. R 68 Possible risk of irreversible effects.

Handling: Avoid contact with the body - including ingestion or inhalation. Contact a doctor immediately in the event of contact.

Colchicine Potassium Dichromate Phenol

Toxic to reproduction


TToxic or XnHarmful to health

Danger: Substances are toxic to reproduction if they cause non-heritable damage to the offspring when they are inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through the skin, or if they increase their frequency (teratogenic) or impair the male reproductive functions or ability. R 60 May impair fertility. R 61 May cause harm to the unborn child. R 62 Possible risk of impaired fertility. R 63 Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.

Handling: Avoid contact with the body - including ingestion or inhalation. Contact a doctor immediately in the event of contact.

Lead and lead compounds carbon monoxide toluene

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Details on chromium (III) chromate

Categories: Dangerous substances and goods | Chemicals law