Keto diets are recommended

American Migraine Foundation.PCOS Health Complications

Dementia and Alzheimer's

Although it is not an officially recognized medical term, some people refer to Alzheimer's disease as "type 3 diabetes" because both diseases are linked to insulin resistance. However, experts say that more research is needed and that it is a broad generalization to say that a keto diet is suitable for anyone at risk of Alzheimer's disease.

Some, like Richard Isaacson, MD, director of the Alzheimer's Prevention Clinic at Weill Cornell Medicine and New York-Presbyterian in New York City, support low-carb diets. "I believe when people fuel their brains with ketones or calorie or carbohydrate restrictions, it is cleaner burning fuel and a better way to delay brain aging," he says. However, there is no evidence that the keto version of the low-carb diet is always necessary or even helpful.

In fact, it can benefit some. For example, a small study published in the February 2012 journal Neurobiology of Aging tracked 23 older adults at higher risk for Alzheimer's and found that they had better memory function after six weeks on a keto diet. (14)

However, it can be harmful to others with certain genetics, says Dr. Isaacson. For this reason there is no uniform recommendation. Anyone doing keto must have their labs taken throughout the process and do so in collaboration with their treating doctor and a registered dietitian, he says.

Parkinson's disease

Up to 80 percent of Parkinson's patients can also develop dementia. (15) The ketogenic diet may help maintain cognitive function and memory in people at relatively higher risk for dementia. "For individual patients at increased risk of neurodegeneration like Alzheimer's, I am not afraid to suggest this as an intervention - and I usually do," says Dr. Robert Krikorian, professor of clinical psychiatry and the director of the department of psychology at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. Even so, the keto diet "isn't widely accepted as a therapy, but I think there is enough data to recommend it," he says.

Krikorian will publish research on early Parkinson's patients with mild cognitive impairment. And while he can't share the results yet, ketosis appears to have several effects, including improved brain function and cognition, possibly by improving energy production and normalizing insulin levels in the brain. (Keto may be recommended to manage Parkinson's cognitive effects rather than movement symptoms like muscle stiffness.)

One reason that low-carb diets like keto can improve cognitive function is to reduce the amount of insulin the body produces. This is important because research has shown that higher levels of insulin in the circulatory system correlate with lower levels of insulin in the brain, says Dr. Krikorian. Insulin in the brain is necessary to support memory consolidation. it also correlates with an enzyme that helps clear beta-amyloid from the brain, proteins that form plaques that disrupt brain function like in Alzheimer's disease, he explains. While this is a promising area of ​​research, more long-term studies must be done before the keto diet is generally recommended for this disease.

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The health conditions that we know keto is not safe and effective for them

Type 1 diabetes

People with type 1 diabetes are dependent on insulin. If you work very closely with a keto-experienced doctor and they recommend it, be sure to follow their advice. But people with this condition shouldn't get involved in keto, says Moree. "It can be very dangerous for type 1 patients to have low blood sugar," she says. This can easily be caused by ingesting insulin while severely restricting the carbohydrates in the diet.

eating disorder

If you have had an eating disorder such as anorexia or bulimia, or eating disorders in the past, you shouldn't be restrictive about your diet. This can lead to a relapse. Instead, seek out a registered dietitian who specializes in eating disorders and has the tools to help you manage these complex diseases.

Binge Eating Disorder (BED)

BED is also an eating disorder, but it deserves to be specially called here. Anecdotally, some people have said that they "ketoed" their BED because the high-fat plan would keep them full and prevent binge episodes. But “Binge Eating Disorder is a serious and problematic eating disorder that cannot be treated with a restrictive diet. A person may temporarily feel better or more in control, but sooner or later they will experience compensatory eating, binge eating, and cravings, ”said Sumner Brooks, MPH, RDN, a certified nutritionist for eating disorders in Portland, Oregon. "I've worked with a lot of clients who come to me after losing weight on keto, have runaway feelings about carbohydrates, and blame themselves if diet is really the problem," she says.

Brooks notes that lack of hunger is also a problem in the schedule, since hunger is a normal cue to the human body that should not be worked to suppress. Proper treatment for BED is "regular, adequate, satisfactory" food intake and possibly psychological therapy to learn coping skills for the stress and emotions that trigger BED episodes, she says - no keto.

Removal of the gallbladder

Once you've removed your gallbladder, your body no longer has a reservoir for bile, a liquid that aids digestion, especially fat zenidol in the pharmacy. "If you play keto without increasing your bile flow [what your body can't do without a gallbladder], you're going to feel terrible," says Hammond. If you're dying to try keto, speak to a professional before starting the diet, she says.

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Thyroid disease

Use caution if you have thyroid disease - this includes hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism - says Fleck. "There is evidence that a keto diet can suppress levels of the thyroid hormone T3, although there are conflicting opinions about it," she says. The advice is the same, but it's so important: speak to a doctor who is experienced with ketogenic diets and who will monitor your thyroid levels during treatment.

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Since the keto diet is sometimes used for neurodegenerative diseases, it has been said that it can be used to treat MS. However, research into a keto diet for people with MS is severely lacking. In a review published in December 2015 in the journal Multiple Sclerosis International, it was found that the keto diet can improve the function of mitochondria (the powerhouse of cells) and increase ATP (cellular energy) production, thereby helping the brain in test-tube and animal studies Theoretically, function and slowing down of the progression of the MS is preserved. (16)

That said, that's all in theory and not in practice. In addition, the National Multiple Sclerosis Society notes that there are still questions about the long-term safety of such diets, which can exacerbate fatigue and constipation, both common side effects of MS. (17)

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Editorial sources and fact checking

References

Ketogenic Diet. Epilepsy Foundation. October 2017. Grandl G., Straub L., Rudigier C. et al. Short-term feeding on a ketogenic diet induces higher insulin resistance in the liver than an obese high-fat diet. The Journal of Physiology. August 2018. About the metabolic syndrome. American Heart Association. July 2016. Gibas MK, Gibas KJ. Induced and controlled dietary ketosis as a regulator of obesity and metabolic syndrome pathologies. Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research Reviews. November 2017. Moreno B., Crujeiras AB, Bellido D. et al. Obesity treatment with a very low-calorie ketogenic diet after two years: reduction of visceral fat and exposure to diseases. Endocrine. December 2016. Gomez-Arbelaez D., Crujeiras AB, Castro AI, et al. Resting Metabolic Rate of Obese Patents on Very Low Calorie Ketogenic Diet. Nutrition metabolism. February 2018. Goldberg EL, Asher JL, Molony RD et al. β-Hydroxybutyrate deactivates the neutrophil NLRP3 inflammasome to relieve gout attacks. Cell reports. February 2017. Zick SM, Snyder D, and Abrams D. Pros and cons of nutritional strategies popular with cancer patients. Oncology. November 2018. Modified Atkins Diet. Epilepsy Foundation. November 2015. Di Lorenzo C., Coppola G., Sirianni G. et al. Improvement in Migraines During Short-Term Ketogenesis: A Proof-of-Concept Study. European Journal of Neurology. January 2015. Plan your diet around your migraines. American Migraine Foundation. PCOS health complications. PCOS Awareness Association. Lee Ryan WY, Corley MJ, Pang A, et al. A modified ketogenic gluten-free diet with MCT improves behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder. Physiology behavior. May 2018. Krikorian R, Dr. Shidler, Dangelo K. Dietary ketosis improves memory for mild cognitive impairments. Neurobiology of Aging. February 2013. Parkinson's dementia. Alzheimer's Association. Storoni M, plant GT. The therapeutic potential of the ketogenic diet in the treatment of progressive multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis International. December 2015. The lowdown on low carb. National Society for Multiple Sclerosis. Show less

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There are many reasons why diabetes wounds may not heal. Phil Fisk /

Although following your diet and lifestyle can help reduce your risk of complications from diabetes, uncontrolled blood sugar can cause you to develop wounds that are stubborn to heal. The problem may be more common than you think: an article published in the New England Journal of Medicine in June 2017 estimated that between 19 and 34 percent of people with diabetes will have had at least one foot ulcer in their lifetime.

This can become a chronic problem, with two in five people suffering from another ulcer within the next year. The consequences can be devastating: According to the paper, around 20 percent of patients with a moderate to severe infection are amputated.

There are several reasons diabetes can sometimes lead to problem wounds, says William Ennis, DO, chief of wound healing and tissue repair at the University of Illinois at Chicago and chief medical officer of Healogics, a company that manages wound care centers in the States. Chronically high blood sugar can lead to neuropathy or nerve damage in the feet, so you may not feel discomfort from a small cut or callus.

Neuropathy can also weaken your feet and change their shape, increasing your risk of injury. Add a common diabetes complication to that poor circulation, and you may have a serious wound that develops without your notice and is difficult to heal.

"These things can go from a small opening at the bottom of your foot to complete infection with loss of limbs in some patients, especially those with poor blood supply, and this can literally happen overnight," says Dr. Ennis.

Foot ulcers are the most common type of sore associated with diabetes due to the combination of neuropathy in the feet and their susceptibility to pressure and injury. But wounds can also develop in the legs, and any wound is slow to heal in diabetes, says Arti Bhan, MD, director of endocrinology at the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit.

The basics of wound management in diabetes

Your doctor usually starts treatment by cleaning the wound and cutting off any dead or infected tissue, a procedure called debridement. While cutting the wound doesn't seem intuitive, it's an essential step, according to Ennis. "With each debridement, you take out a film of tissue that builds up and is corrosive to healing," he says.

Another important part of treatment is the unloading or releasing of weight and pressure from the wound. According to the International Working Group on Diabetic Foot, this is best done with a knee-high, non-removable cast or orthosis. However, other options such as specialty shoes can also be used.

If the wound is infected, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. You can also expect x-rays of your feet to see if any underlying bone is infected or even broken, which you may not have noticed due to neuropathy. "If there are signs of poor blood flow, surgery may be needed to open the blood vessels," says Dr.