What organization created money

Nonprofit Organization (NPO)

1. Term: a) Negative delimitation: Nonprofit organizations (NPO) are organizations that are not geared towards profit (nonprofit, not-for-profit). As a rule, they sell goods / services that cannot be used individually for at least cost-covering prices in order to achieve profits and profitability from the invested capital on competitive markets (like the profit enterprise). This negative demarcation from the company includes public administrations, public companies (Public Management), QUANGOs and private NPOs (NPO i.e.S.). Private NPOs include clubs, associations, foundations, charities, clubs, churches, political parties and others. Border or transitional forms are cooperatives (“companies supported by an association”) and chambers as professional interest groups on a legal basis. Both have a membership structure and often have the legal form of a public association. Cooperatives and chambers therefore have at least some of the same problems as associations.

b) Positive definition: In positive terms, NPOs are created for the fulfillment of certain purposes or specific tasks (so-called demand economies or companies dominated by objective objectives; see objective objectives, non-profit purposes). NPO are characterized by a minimum of formal organization. NPOs are not allowed to distribute profits or surpluses to owners or members. They show a minimum of self-administration and decision-making autonomy. Furthermore, NPOs are always characterized by a minimum of voluntariness. NPOs can be in-house or third-party NPOs.

2. Features: In order to fulfill their tasks, NPOs need manpower, finance and operating resources, which must be efficiently procured, deployed and used in order to achieve the best possible fulfillment of the purpose at the lowest possible cost (profitability, efficiency). The management of NPOs requires a specific management approach that takes up the specifics of these organizations (see Nonprofit Management).

3. Fields of activity: NPO are active in the following areas: culture and recreation, education and training, health and disaster relief, development cooperation, social affairs, political landscape (cf. ICNPO). Their tasks include:
(1) Collective self-help of groups: direct support, promotion of members through (service) services such as information, advice, training, insurance, etc.
(2) Charitable external aid: Provision of services or financial services to needy third parties, often free of charge or at low fees.
(3) Representation of interests: Assertion of carrier interests or ideologies by influencing political processes (lobbying) or the attitudes / behavior of certain sections of the population (public relations (PR), social marketing).