When were the ruins of Pompeii found
Pompeii, 9 km from Vesuvius, was home to up to 15,000 inhabitants when the eruption of the volcano buried the city under a 6-7 m thick layer of ash in AD 79.
It was not until 1594 and 1600 that underground passages with inscriptions and statues were discovered by chance during drainage work in the Sarno Valley. But no one suspected that the finds were parts from Pompeii. The first scientific excavation took place later in 1748 and was commissioned by King Charles von Bourbon. He had already excavated in Herculaneum initiated. From 1860 the actual and systematic history of the excavation begins, which continues to this day. Because more than a third of the city remains to be discovered. But even then, the technology was developed to inject liquid plaster into the cavities and thus record the position and expression of the victims who died within seconds during the outbreak. Only in Pompeii was it possible to make the impressions of entire families in this way and thus provide posterity with a depressing testimony of how quickly the inferno had struck the people in the city.
Due to the airtight spillage, Pompeii is the best preserved city of antiquity. The lava preserved buildings, works of art and everyday objects. The preserved remains of the numerous uncovered houses provide information about the living conditions, trade, commerce, art, private and everyday life of the people in an ancient city.
In the 18./19. In the 19th century - at the beginning of the discovery - ruins and especially the topic of antiquity enjoyed great popularity.
Garibaldi even appointed Alexandre Dumas director of the antiquities collection. But this was soon replaced by a specialist in this field.
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